Glaucoma Treatment & Diagnostics in Kondapur, Hyderabad
Glaucoma is an eye condition that can cause blindness. It can damage the optic nerve and the optic nerve is essential to have a good vision.
It is one of the main reasons for blindness. Older people are more susceptible to this eye condition. It is not easy to detect this because it is a gradual process and is often noticed at an advanced stage.
What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages our optic nerve. It can lead to loss of eyesight permanently. It is caused due to buildup of pressure inside the eye.
The optic nerve sends images to the brain. Intraocular pressure or the increased pressure in the eye can damage the optic nerve. If the damage is severe or serious, it can lead to permanent vision loss within a short span of time.
What Are the Types of Glaucoma?
There are mainly two kinds of Glaucoma:
This type of Glaucoma is also called wide-angle glaucoma. It is the most common type of glaucoma. In this case, the fluid from your eye does not flow out as it should. But the drain structure in your eye or the trabecular meshwork looks well.
This type of glaucoma is also called narrow-angle or chronic angle-closure glaucoma. This is common in Asian countries. In this condition, your eye does not drain as it should. The drain space between your iris and cornea decreases. It can result in cataracts and farsightedness.
The other less common types of glaucoma include:
Sometimes diabetes and cataracts can add pressure to your eye. This is called secondary glaucoma.
It is a form of open-angle glaucoma. The optic nerve is damaged in your eye even though the pressure in your eye is not very high.
In this condition, the coloured part of the ear or the tiny bits of pigments from your iris get into the fluid and clog the drainage canals in your eye.
What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
People with glaucoma do not show any symptoms. If symptoms appear, it is usually late. Some of the common symptoms of glaucoma include:
- Eye pain
- Hazy eyes
- Vomiting or upset stomach
- Redness in your eye
- Seeing coloured rings around lights
- Sudden vision disturbances
What Causes of Glaucoma?
Aqueous humour is a clear fluid that is made by the back of your eye. This fluid fills the front part of your eye and leaves your eye through some channels in your iris and cornea. If the channels are blocked, the natural pressure of your eye increases. As the pressure increases, the optic nerve of your eye may be damaged and you can lose your vision. Some factors that play an important role in glaucoma include:
- Eye drops
- Medications like corticosteroids
- High blood pressure
- Blocked drainage in your eye
- Poor blood flow to your optic nerve
When to See a Doctor?
If you experience symptoms like sudden vision disturbances, nausea, or redness in your eye, you should visit the eye doctor immediately. If you leave it untreated, it can lead to total vision loss.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kondapur
Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment.
What is the Treatment for Glaucoma?
Eye drops can decrease the pressure of your eye. It can improve how fluid drains from your eye or can decrease the amount of fluid made by your eye. Eye drop medications include Prostaglandins, Beta-blockers, Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and Rho-kinase inhibitors.
Your doctor at Apollo Kondapur may prescribe oral medications, which are usually carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
Treatments like laser therapy, filtering surgery, drainage tubes and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery can be given to cure glaucoma.
Glaucoma is an eye condition that is mostly found among people above the age of 60. The symptoms may vary depending on the stage and type of your eye condition.
We should seek immediate help from an eye specialist because it can lead to blindness. It is important to wear eye protection and take eye drops by the aged people in order to protect their eyes from injuries.
There are chances that you may lose your sight. It is important to seek medical advice at the earliest if you are experiencing sudden vision disturbances. The right medication can reduce the chance of total blindness.
It is not life-threatening but it can have serious visual problems.
Even though the damage caused by glaucoma cannot be undone. But regular care and treatment can prevent vision loss.