Lumpectomy Surgery in Kondapur, Hyderabad
Lumpectomy is a surgical method that is used to remove abnormal tissues from the breast. Lumpectomy is also considered a treatment for early-stage breast cancer.
How is the procedure performed?
In a lumpectomy, the tissues that contain cancer or other abnormalities are removed along with the other healthy tissues that surround it from the breast. It is also called breast-conserving surgery or wide local excision. In the lumpectomy, local anaesthesia is given at first that causes numbness so that the patient may not feel pain and be in a sleep-like state.
After the anaesthesia is provided, the surgeon will make an incision and remove the abnormal tissues, tumour (if any), and some other healthy tissues that surround the area. The surgeon will take a sample and send it to analysis for any other problems in lymph nodes.
The surgeon will then close the incision with concern and attention because that may affect the appearance of the breast. The surgeon will put stitches to close the incision that may get dissolved later or removed by the doctor after it gets healed.
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Radiation treatment after the procedure
In most cases, radiation therapies are given to patients after lumpectomy to destroy any other remaining microscopic cancer cells from the body that may multiply if not been removed.
The combination of lumpectomy and radiation therapy is a standard procedure of treatment for women who suffer from breast cancer. It is a good option for treating breast cancer effectively along with preserving the shape and appearance of the breast.
Before the procedure
The surgeon may advise you to follow certain instructions before the procedure starts. The surgeon may also recommend looking after the risks as well as benefits of the procedure before the surgery is performed.
Discuss the medical history- medications being taken previously, medication being taken in the present to avoid further risks and complications.
Before the surgery, the surgeon may advise to:
Avoid taking aspirins or any other blood-thinning medicines: these medicines may cause bleeding, so the surgery may advise avoiding these types of medicines for a week or longer before the surgery.
Avoid eating or drinking 12 hours before the surgery: in case, the surgeon at Apollo Kondapur provides general anaesthesia during the surgery then food in the body may cause problems and so the surgeon may advise to not eat or drink for 8 to 12 before the surgery.
What are the Side effects?
Being a surgical procedure, lumpectomy has its risks and benefits. Some of the side effects that may occur after lumpectomy are as follows:
- Bleeding from the breast
- Infection in the breast
- The breast may start to swell a little
- Feeling of tenderness
- hard scar tissue may be formed in the surgical area
- A change in shape and appearance of the breast may occur, particularly if a larger part is removed from the breast
- Pain in the breast may occur.
It is important to look over the eligibility criteria and the list of factors in people who need to be treated by lumpectomy. The patient is an ideal candidate for a lumpectomy if:
- cancer has only affected some part of the breast of the patient
- The tumour is comparatively small than the breast size of the patient
- People with stage 1 breast cancer.
- If the patient can receive radiation therapy after the procedure of lumpectomy.
Healing after the procedure may vary from person to person. It depends on the amount of rest a patient is taking. A good amount of rest is necessary for fast recovery. In most cases, patients may get fully recovered after 2 weeks of the procedure.
Surgical methods have its risk or side effects. It is important to see a doctor while facing the following problems after the surgery:
- Swelling in the arm, or around the breast
- Severe pain
- If fluid builds up around the breast.
In most cases, a general anesthesia is given that numbs the whole body. Occasionally, a local anesthesia may be given.