Gynecomastia Treatment in Kondapur, Hyderabad
Gynecomastia is an abnormal state in men where the breast tissue may swell leading to the enlargement of breasts in men. Gynecomastia is a common disorder in men with more than 10 lakh cases per year, but it is more prevalent in men who are over the age of 60.
What are the signs and symptoms of gynecomastia?
Some of the signs and symptoms of gynecomastia are:
- Enlargement of one breast or both breasts may occur
- Compressible, soft or mobile breast tissues are felt under the nipple and the skin surrounding the nipples
- Milky discharge from the nipple may occur
- The diameter of the areola (pigmented area of the breast around the nipple) may increase.
- Dimpling of the skin
- Nipple retraction
What are the causes?
ynecomastia is usually caused by:
- Increase of estrogen production in the body
- Decrease in androgen production in the body
- Consumption of drugs
- Consumption of linalool (that contains lavender or tea tree oil) may also cause gynecomastia in certain males.
- Liver diseases, kidney failure or low testosterone
- Certain medications may also cause gynecomastia
What is the diagnosis of gynecomastia?
For diagnosing gynecomastia, the physician may look over the medical history and physical examinations may be conducted. The physical examination may include evaluation of the male breast tissue with palpation for analysis of breast cancer, evaluation of penile development and penile size may be done
Evaluation of the breast tissues, abdomen and genitals are more likely to be done in a physical examination by the physician.
In some cases, mammography (imaging method) may be used for diagnosing gynecomastia.
What are the treatments?
Some mild cases of gynecomastia may be treated by certain lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a proper diet and exercise. In most cases, gynecomastia is treated through medications and surgical methods.
Medications: Medications are effective if taken in the first two years after the occurrence of gynecomastia. It is advised to take medicines prescribed by the physician.
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Surgery: In some severe cases, gynecomastia may not get healed by medications, in those cases, surgical removal of the glandular breast tissue and some of the tissues surrounding the area are generally removed. The two surgeries that are performed in most cases at Apollo Kondapur are:
- Liposuction: Liposuction is a surgical cosmetic procedure to remove excess fat from the body. In liposuction, the excess fat is removed by a thin hollow cannula that is inserted through the incisions. Then, the excess fat is removed from the body with a surgical vacuum or syringe attached to the cannula.
- Mastectomy: Mastectomy is a surgery that removes the breast gland tissues from the breast. During the surgery, small incisions are made for the removal of breast gland tissues. This type of surgery takes less time to recover than other surgical methods
What are the risk factors?
Certain risk factors that can cause or worsen gynecomastia are:
- Age advancement
- Use of androgens or steroids for increasing athletic performance
- Health conditions such as kidney disease, thyroid, or hormonally active tumour
How to prevent the condition?
Some factors that may reduce the risk for gynecomastia are:
Avoid the consumption of drugs: avoiding the consumption of steroids, heroin, marijuana or androgens may prevent the risk of gynecomastia
Avoid the consumption of alcohol: excess consumption of alcohol is the cause of many diseases and disorders. Limiting alcohol consumption may prevent gynecomastia.
Reviewing the medicines: if someone Is consuming medicines that are known to cause gynecomastia then it is important to review the medicine with a doctor and exchange them.
Gynecomastia is a treatable condition and can be a symptom of an underlying health disorder, therefore, it is important to get it treated immediately.
The patients usually get recovered after 7 to 8 days of the surgery. Complete recovery time may vary depending upon the patient’s lifestyle and care. In most cases, the patients get fully recovered by 3 to 6 months after the surgery. Till this point in time, all the bruises and scars of the surgery may fade.
In the surgeries for gynecomastia, the patient will be allowed to go home on the same day of the surgery. The surgery may take 2 to 3 hours. After the surgery, the patient will be kept under observation for 1 to 2 hours. If the condition is stable enough the patient will be allowed to go home.
Before the surgery, local anaesthesia is given that prevents pain during the surgery. Once the anaesthesia wears off then the patient may feel pain in the incisions.