ENT Specialist in Hyderabad
At Apollo Spectra, we have the best ENT specialist in Hyderabad taking care of all of your ENT problems. The Ear, Nose and Throat issues can range from allergies to more severe problems that can be diagnosed and treated. Since all the three are inter-connected, infection to one may affect the regular function of the other.
Bacterial or viral infections are one of the primary causes of throat problems.
- Sore throat: The most common causes of a sore throat are viruses. The viral sore throats tend to subdue within a week or so
- Cold or Flu:
The throat can get attacked by common cold or flu and can get cured by drinking enough liquid, rest, gargling, cure of fever through antibiotics etc. Cold can induce high fever, headache, cough, frequent sneezing and sore throat. Flu can induce high fever, body aches, cough and nausea. Those suffering from severe symptoms of flu perhaps advised anti-viral medication
- Streptococcal sore throat:
Person suffering with signs of streptococcal throat infection may suffer from high temperature, sore throat with pain on swallowing, tonsils that are swollen and red, abdominal pain, headache, vomiting and diarrhoea. In case of streptococcal soreness, it is advised to be cured with antibiotics. If the same is neglected or delayed, it can cause inflammation of the kidneys.
- Problems with tonsils:
Tonsils are required to fight against the respiratory infections. But if the tonsils get enlarged due to infections they may cause pain during swallowing. The tonsils can then be removed without reducing the ability to fight infections
- Lump in the thyroid gland: When there is a lump detected in the thyroid gland it is best to get the same removed surgically lest it may be the cause for cancer. Also, if the medicines have not been effectively able to control the overactive thyroid gland, it is best to undergo Thyroidectomy
- Vocal cord paralysis:
The vocal cords consist of two small muscles within the voice box that are responsible for voice production. Each vocal cord moves through a nerve called the laryngeal nerve. If the nerve doesn’t function properly, it can lead to vocal cord paralysis. Damage to one of the cords can result in breathing or speech problems. During normal speech, both the cords must press firmly to bring out the sound. Damage to both the cords or improper closure of the cords can lead to air gaps that transform into hoarse sounds or heavy breathing
Ear problems are most common among the children. Since the nose, throat and ear are inter-connected, ear problems can arise from cold, flu or a sore throat
- Ear wax:
Wax is produced in the ear canal and has the function to protect and moisturize the outer canal of the ear. Exposure to excessive dust, pollution can lead to excess ear wax being produced and should be cleaned from time to time. Excessive ear wax can also reduce the intensity of sound reaching the inner ear
- Infection in the middle ear:
It is caused by bacterial or viral infection post a cold or allergy. Infection of space behind the eardrum is the middle ear infection. Ear infections can cause pus discharge. Ear infections can be treated with antibiotics and ear drops. They are usually not harmful but if not treated completely and in due time, they can lead to infections of the brain, deafness or sinusitis
- Tinnitus: If one experiences a ringing sensation in the ear quite frequently, it could be Tinnitus. It can be caused by long exposure to loud noise, excess wax, allergies and infection
- Inner ear disorder: Inner ear disorders can lead to dizziness, vertigo and even in extreme cases hearing loss
- Hearing Loss due to excessive noise:
Being it a one-time exposure to loud noise or exposure to loud noise over a period of time, in both cases, it can lead to hearing impairment. Noise greater than 85dB can potentially damage the ear. Listening to loud music, fireworks etc can be one of the many reasons to cause discomfort and potentially lead to complete hearing loss
- Labyrinthitis and Vestibular Neuritis: Inflammation of the inner ear is Labyrinthitis. Inflammation of nerves connecting the inner ear to the brain is Vestibular Neuritis
- Meniere’s disease: It is the problem of the inner ear. This can lead to severe dizziness and significant hearing loss
- Congenital abnormalities of the ear: Abnormalities of the ear can include an underdeveloped outer ear, narrow ear canal or a complete absence of the ear canal
Sometimes skin within the ear canal grows into the middle ear causing a cyst which is the Cholesteatoma. Cholesteatomas may affect the inner ear and reduce the balance. It is, therefore, best to get the Cholesteatomas removed early
Sinuses are the hollow spaces in the skull bone connected with the nose. These spaces contain the mucus. When the linings of the sinuses are infected they lead to sinusitis. Heavy head, aching in the upper jaw and teeth, stuffy nose, cough and sore throat in the morning or evening are some of the common symptoms that you could be suffering from sinusitis
- Bleeding of the nose:
High blood pressure, sinusitis, allergies, cold or foreign particles in the nose could lead to nosebleeds. The blood vessels that provide blood to nasal cavities can get ruptured due to the above mentioned reasons and this can lead to bleeding from the nose
- Sleep Apnea:
Sleep Apnea can cause you to stop breathing for more than 10 seconds while sleeping. This could be possibly due to irregular sleep timings, overweight, lung disease, tobacco smoking or excessive alcohol consumption. This can lead to feeling tired even when getting up in the morning, sleepiness during the day, trouble in concentrating, anxiety, irritation and morning headaches
- Deviated Septum:
Two nasal cavities are separated by a thin wall inside the nose known as the Septum. Generally one of the nasal cavity is smaller in size as compared to another. The Septum is usually deviated, but if the deviation is acute it can lead to bleeding from the nose, difficulty in breathing and recurring infections.
These are some of the known problems of the ear, nose and throat. If the symptoms suggested above do not subdue in a few days, it is imperative to consult an ENT specialist in Hyderabad.