Best Anal Abscess Treatment & Surgery in Kondapur, Hyderabad
An anal abscess is a pus-filled infected cavity near the anus or rectum. An anal fistula (also known as a fistula-in-ano) is a tiny tunnel that connects a hole within the anal canal to a hole in the epidermis around the anus. A past or ongoing anal abscess is a common cause of an anal fistula. A fistula can develop in up to 50% of patients who have an abscess. A fistula can, however, develop without the presence of an abscess.
What are the symptoms?
In the region around the anal area or canal, a patient with an abscess may experience discomfort, redness, or swelling. Feeling sick or fatigued, as well as having a fever and chills, are all frequent symptoms. Fistula patients experience comparable symptoms, as well as leakage from a hole near the anus. If these symptoms recur in the same location every few weeks, a fistula is suspected.
Anal abscesses on the surface are frequently related with:
- The pain is generally continuous, throbbing, and becomes worse when you sit down.
- Swelling, redness, and soreness are all symptoms of skin irritation around the anus.
- Pustular discharge
- Constipation or pain linked with bowel motions is a common complaint.
Anal abscesses with a deeper depth may also be linked to:
- Fever is sometimes the only sign of a deep anal abscess.
How is it diagnosed?
Clinical findings are used to diagnose and treat most anal abscesses or fistulas. Imaging investigations such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI may be utilised to see the fistula tunnel and aid in the diagnosis and management of deeper abscesses.
When to See a Doctor?
If you think you have a perirectal or perianal abscess, you should visit a doctor very once. It is not always straightforward to make a diagnosis, and the healthcare provider may need to conduct tests or consult with specialists.
If you have any of the following symptoms, go to an emergency room:
- Fever or shivering chills
- Rectal/anal discomfort that is severe
- Inability to have a bowel movement or a bowel movement that is painful
- Constant vomiting
- Any additional odd signs or symptoms that might signal a medical emergency.
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How Can We Treat Anal Abscesses?
It is critical to do surgical drainage as soon as possible, ideally before the abscess bursts. A local anaesthetic can be used to drain superficial anal abscesses at a doctor's office. Anal abscesses that are large or deep may necessitate hospitalisation and the aid of an anesthesiologist.
The majority of patients are given pain relievers after the operation. Antibiotics are rarely required in otherwise healthy persons. Some patients, such as those with diabetes or weakened immune systems, may require antibiotics.
Fistula surgery and abscess surgery at Apollo Kondapur are sometimes done at the same time. Fistulas, on the other hand, commonly form four to six weeks after an abscess is removed.
An anal abscess is a painful disease that occurs when pus collects around the anus. The majority of anal abscesses are caused by an infection of the tiny anal glands.
A perianal abscess is the most frequent kind of abscess. A painful boil-like enlargement around the anus is a common symptom. It might be a bright red hue and feel warm to the touch. Deeper tissue anal abscesses are less prevalent and may be less apparent.
Surgical incision and drainage is the most frequent and effective therapy for all forms of anal abscesses.
Pain is managed with pain medication, fibre, and water following surgery. Patients should schedule time at home to use sitz baths and avoid constipation, which is a side effect of prescription pain medication. To prepare for post-operative care, discuss particular care and time away from work with your surgeon before surgery.
Up to 50% of abscesses might reappear as another abscess or a frank fistula, as previously stated.
Fistulas can return despite adequate treatment and apparent full healing, with recurrence rates varying depending on the surgical method used.