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Interventional Gastro Procedures

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Interventional Endoscopy - Gastroenterology in Kondapur, Hyderabad

Surgeries or procedures are performed by a gastroenterologist, a medical professional who specializes in diseases and disorders that affect the organs and structures of the digestive system. These include conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Interventional gastroenterologists typically review a patient's symptoms, history, blood tests, and existing imaging records to come up with a diagnosis and suitable treatment, which often includes using special endoscopic procedures. These non-surgical procedures are known as Interventional Gastro Procedures. They can reduce complications and speed up recovery time as well.

Conditions that can be diagnosed and treated through interventional gastro procedure include:

  • Colon polyps or cancer
  • Pancreatitis
  • Celiac disease
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Hepatitis

There are various common symptoms caused by gut-related diseases. These may require you to visit a gastroenterologist and undergo interventional procedures. Such signs may include:

  • Abdominal discomfort like pain or bloating
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Heartburn
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Blood in vomit or stool

What are the different types of procedures?

Several different procedures are run by interventional gastroenterologists to diagnose and treat diseases related to the digestive system, these include:


In this type of surgery, a camera is used that attaches to a long, thin tube called an endoscope to get a look at any symptoms inside the organs in the body.

The endoscope is inserted through the mouth, down the throat, and into the oesophagus to get images back to a screen for monitoring.

Various symptoms like unexplained weight loss, persistent stomach pain, problems with swallowing, etc. can be investigated by the doctor using endoscopy.

Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy

These procedures are similar to what happens in endoscopy, although the tube is inserted into the rectum instead of the mouth.

The gastroenterologist can examine the entire colon and rectum in a colonoscopy while only the lower colon and rectum can be observed in a sigmoidoscopy.

Symptoms like causes for the change in bowel habits, abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, or signs of colon or rectum cancer can be looked for through these procedures.

Oesophageal dilation

A narrowed area of the oesophagus is stretched out by the gastroenterologist at Apollo Kondapur during the procedure of oesophagal dilation to investigate the issue of problematic swallowing that can be due to acid reflux among other conditions.

The tube is stretched out using a plastic dilator or inflating a balloon and the person may be sedated for this procedure.


This procedure involves the removal of one or more polyps from the lining of the bowel. Noncancerous polyps can grow on the colon and hence, are removed by gastroenterologists using wire loop forceps or an electric current to burn them off during a colonoscopy.

What are the Risks of Interventional Gastro Procedures?

Certain risks are possible even though the procedures are very safe, these may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • A tear in the lining of the oesophagus, stomach, or colon
  • Reaction to sedation
  • Inflammation or infection of pouches in the colon
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Heart palpitation in people with heart or blood vessel disease
  • Fever or chills
  • Vomiting

When to see a Gastroenterologist?

If you observe any of the prominent symptoms for a prolonged period or any signs of risks post-surgery, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kondapur

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

1. Is endoscopy a painful procedure?

An endoscopy can be uncomfortable but not painful. Most people experience mild discomfort, similar to indigestion or a sore throat. You may be given local anaesthesia before the procedure.

2. Which activities are not allowed after an endoscopy?

You may be asked not to eat or drink anything until you can swallow easily and with comfort after an endoscopy.

3. What is the recovery period after polypectomy?

In most cases, patients can go home on the same day after the surgery although increased cramping and vaginal bleeding may be experienced for a day or two after the procedure.


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