Colorectal Cancer Surgery in Kondapur, Hyderabad
The large bowel consists of the colon and rectum. The main function of the colon is to process the 3 pints of liquid stool it receives every day into a manageable amount of solid, thereby making it ready for elimination. The rectum performs the function of coordinating this process.
Several common problems affect both the colon and rectum. These conditions are known as Colorectal problems. Colorectal diseases allude to conditions concerning the colon or rectum and their functionality. They include irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, haemorrhoids, anal fissures, abscess, colitis, polyps, and colon cancer.
What are the main colorectal problems?
The most common and major problems affecting both the colon and rectum can be discussed as follows:
Colon polyps - A colon polyp is a colorectal condition that consists of a small clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon. Anyone can develop this condition. They are mostly harmless but hold the capacity to develop into colon cancer. They are often asymptomatic. There are two types of polyps, non-neoplastic and neoplastic. Non-neoplastic polyps are not cancerous. They include hyperplastic polyps and inflammatory polyps. Neoplastic polyps include adenomas and serrated types. The larger a polyp, the greater is the risk of cancer, especially with neoplastic polyps.
Colorectal cancer - A cancer of the colon or rectum that is located at the lower end of the digestive tract is known as colorectal cancer. It begins as non-cancerous polyps showing no symptoms. This type of cancer can be detected by screening. For this reason, doctors recommend screenings for those who are at high risk or over the age of 50. Colorectal cancer symptoms vary depending on the size and location of the cancer. The most common symptoms include changes in bowel habits, changes in stool consistency, blood in the stool, and abdominal discomfort.
Colitis - Colitis refers to the condition relating to the inflammation of the colon. The symptoms of colitis include mild and recurring discomfort and pain in the abdominal area. There are different types of colitis. The treatment depends on the type of colitis present.
Crohn’s Disease - Crohn's disease is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It leads to inflammation in your digestive tract that also leads to abdominal pain, severe diarrhoea, fatigue, weight loss, and malnutrition. The inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease can spread into deeper layers of the bowel. Crohn's disease can be painful and debilitating. It may also lead to life-threatening complications in certain cases.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) - Irritable bowel syndrome is different from inflammatory bowel disease. It is not related to other bowel conditions. IBS refers to a group of intestinal symptoms that typically occur together. The symptoms may differ in severity and duration from person to person. Irritable bowel syndrome is also known by other names such as irritable colon, mucous colitis, spastic colon, and spastic colitis.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Colorectal Problems?
The common symptoms of colorectal problems include:
- Abdominal pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Blood in the stool
What are the Causes of Colorectal Problems?
The main causes of colorectal problems can be stated as:
- The person is over 50 years of age.
- Inherited gene mutations.
- The person suffers from obesity.
- Excess intake of alcohol.
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What Treatments are available at Apollo Kondapur for Colorectal Problems?
Treatments depend on the type and severity of the problem. Although, common treatments may include:
- Change in diet
- Change in the lifestyle pattern
- Medication for inflammation
Colorectal problems can be diagnosed using the following procedures: colonoscopy, virtual colonoscopy, and flexible sigmoidoscopy, and is treatable.
Colorectal problems can be prevented by following the following few tips:
- Increase the intake of calcium and folate
- Eat more fruits and vegetables
- Keep your body active. Exercise daily.
- Quit smoking.
- Maintain a balanced weight. Shed the extra body weight.
- Limit the intake of alcohol.
- Limit the intake of saturated fats .
Limit the intake of or eliminate certain food items such as beans, fried foods, dairy, and indigestible sugars.