Arthroscopy (also known as arthroscopic or keyhole surgery) is a minimally invasive joint surgery that deploys an endoscope to inspect the inside of joints and perhaps treat damage.
How arthroscopy is done:
- A surgeon makes a small incision on the patient's skin and then inserts a pencil-sized tool with a small lens and an illuminating system to magnify and highlight the joint structure.
- The light is transmitted to the end of the arthroscope put into the joint through the optical fiber.
- By connecting the arthroscope to a miniature camera, the surgeon may view the joint's interiors instead of the larger incision required for open surgery.
- The joint image is displayed on a video monitor via the camera attached to the arthroscope, allowing the surgeon to examine the areas around the knee, for example.
- This procedure allows the surgeon to examine cartilage, ligaments, and the area beneath the kneecap.
- The surgeon can assess the severity or kind of injury and, if necessary, fix or treat the condition.
To know more, consult an orthopedic doctor near you or visit an orthopedic hospital in Kanpur.
Why is arthroscopy conducted? Who qualifies for it?
Disease and injury can harm bones, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Thus to diagnose your problem, your doctor will take a complete medical history, perform a physical examination, and prescribe imaging treatments, such as X-rays. A more in-depth imaging examination, such as an MRI scan or a computed tomography (CT) scan, may be necessary for some disorders.
Following a diagnosis, your doctor will choose the best treatment option for your ailment or condition.
Some of the conditions where arthroscopy is needed are as follows:
- Inflammation in the tissues surrounding the shoulder, knee, and ankles can be one of the reasons for undergoing an arthroscopy procedure.
- Serious injury in any of the muscle tissues mentioned above can also lead to this procedure.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.
Call 18605002244 to book an appointment.
What are the different types of arthroscopy?
- Knee Arthroscopy - Knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure for diagnosing and treating issues with the knee joint. Your surgeon will make a tiny incision in your knee and insert a tiny camera called an arthroscope during the surgery. He/she can use a screen to observe the inside of the joint. The surgeon can then use small instruments within the arthroscope to explore a problem with the knee and, if necessary, fix the condition.
- Hip Arthroscopy - Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that involves seeing the interior of the acetabulofemoral (hip) joint with an arthroscope and treating hip disease. Compared to traditional surgical approaches, this technique is sometimes utilized to help treat numerous joint ailments. It has gained appeal because of the small incisions required and shorter recovery time.
What are the benefits of arthroscopy?
- Shorter recovery time - Patients who have arthroscopic surgery have a shorter recovery time. It is because their bodies have suffered less harm. As a result of the smaller incisions, less tissue is destroyed during surgery. As a result, the body requires less recovery time following surgery.
- Less scarring - Arthroscopic operations necessitate fewer and smaller incisions, resulting in fewer stitches and more minor, less visible scars as a result. This is especially useful for procedures on the legs or other regions that are frequently visible.
- Less pain - Patients generally report that arthroscopic treatments are less unpleasant. Patients endure minor discomfort than what they experience for traditional surgery.
After surgery, a patient can walk with crutches for 4-6 weeks. Controlling pain and edema, achieving a maximum range of motion, are all rehabilitation goals.
- Thrombophlebitis (clots in a vein)
- Damage to the arteries
- Anesthesia-induced allergic response
- Damage to the nerves
- The incision areas are numb.
- Calf and foot pain that persists.