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Gynecological Cancer

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Gynaecological Cancer Treatment in Chunni-ganj, Kanpur

Gynecological cancer is a common term used for different types of cancer that develop in the female reproductive system i.e. ovary, vagina, fallopian tube, cervix, uterus, or vulva. It is one of the most common types of cancer found in the world.

Recovery from this type of cancer varies with its type, severity, and location. Women experiencing any signs of gynaecological cancer should consult with their gynaecologist immediately to avoid any complications later. At Apollo Spectra, Kanpur, various methods to treat this type of cancer are available.

Types of Gynecological Cancer

The female reproductive system is a huge part of human anatomy and consists of the ovaries, vagina, fallopian tube, cervix, uterus, and vulva.

Below explained are the types of gynaecological cancer:

  • Cervical Cancer - As the name suggests, this type of cancer is found in the cervix. The cervix joins the vagina and uterus. It is one of the most preventable cancers as it is caused by HPV (human papillomavirus). There is a vaccine available for HPV which reduces the risk of infection and cancer.
  • Symptoms:
    • Lower back pain
    • Swelling of legs
    • Excessive tiredness
    • Bleeding during sexual intercourse
    • Vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • Uterine Cancer - This type of cancer is found in the uterus or womb where a baby would grow if you're pregnant. It is further divided into endometrial cancer, which is found in the lining of the uterus, and uterine sarcomas.
  • Symptoms:
    • Pain during sex
    • Bloody or watery discharge with bad smell
    • Pain in abdomen
    • Difficulty in urinating
    • Bleeding after menopause
  • Ovarian Cancer - Ovarian cancer is a type of gynaecological cancer that occurs in either one or both ovaries. This cannot be avoided and it is advised to look for the signs of ovarian cancer and consult your doctor immediately.
  • Symptoms:
    • Abdominal bloating
    • Unexpected fatigue
    • Loss of appetite
    • Changes in bowel movements
    • Unexplained weight loss or gain
    • Feeling full after eating little
    • Pain in abdomen or pelvis
  • Fallopian Tube Cancer - Fallopian tubes are the two tube-shaped structures that connect the uterus and ovaries. Cancer in the fallopian tubes is caused by sexually transmitted diseases or infections. To prevent this, it is suggested to undergo sexual health check-ups regularly and not indulge in unprotected sexual intercourse.
  • Symptoms:
    • Swelling of the lower abdomen
    • Pain in abdomen or pelvis
    • Difficulty in urinating
    • Lump in the abdomen
    • Excessive bleeding or discharge after menopause
  • Vulvar Cancer - The vulva is found on the outside of a woman’s body. This comprises the labia minora and labia majora (inner and outer lips), the clitoris, the pubic mound, and the perineum, which is the skin between your vagina and anus. Vulvar cancer is commonly found in women who have experienced menopause.
  • Symptoms:
    • Swollen lymph in the groin
    • Soreness on the vulva that releases pus
    • Thick patches of skin on the vulva
    • A lump or wart-like growth
    • A mole that changes colour
  • Vaginal Cancer - This type of gynaecological cancer is formed in the tissues of the vagina. It is one of the rare cancers found in women. The vagina is the entrance passage followed by the vulva and runs through the cervix.
  • Symptoms:
    • Pain in rectum
    • Blood in urine
    • Pelvic pain
    • Bleeding after intercourse
    • Vaginal bleeding frequently
    • Lump in vagina


Gynaecological cancer is quite common after menopause and can be treated medically. It is better to take precautionary actions to avoid any complications and consult a doctor for serious issues.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kanpur

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

1. What is the most common type of gynaecological cancer around the world?

Studies have shown that uterine cancer is the most common type of gynaecological cancer in the world. It is the fourth most common cancer after breast cancer, lung, and bowel.

2. Can one recover from gynaecological cancer?

A woman’s lifetime risk is 1 in 41 while suffering from gynaecological cancer. If it is found and treated during the initial days then the chances of recovering from it are quite high.

3. Is gynaecological cancer a genetic disease?

No, having a family history of gynaecological cancer does not necessarily mean that it will be passed onto future generations. However, it can increase the risk of having any other type of cancer, so consult your doctor before coming to any conclusions.


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