Thyroid Surgery in Chunni-ganj, Kanpur
The thyroid gland plays an important role in performing vital functions in the body. It produces hormones that regulate the body temperature and metabolism. It also helps maintain bone health and muscle control. It supports the digestive system as well as the heart. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and is located at the base of the front of the neck.
Why Is Thyroid Surgery Done?
Thyroid surgery is performed to remove a part or all of the thyroid gland. It is performed at Apollo Spectra, Kanpur, to treat the following conditions:
- Goiter: Non-cancerous growth of the thyroid gland is called goiter. Goiter causes swelling of the neck and difficulty in breathing.
- Thyroid cancer: Thyroid nodules develop, which may become cancerous. This causes swelling, difficulty in breathing, or a change in the voice.
- Hyperthyroidism: The thyroid gland produces a hormone called thyroxine. The excessive production of this hormone is called hyperthyroidism.
What Are the Types of Thyroid Surgery?
Depending on the condition of the thyroid or the overall health of a person and other factors, thyroid surgery can be of these types:
- Lobectomy: This involves removing a half or full lobe from the gland. This is recommended when there is a nodule or initial stage of cancer on one side of the thyroid gland.
- Complete Thyroidectomy: This involves removing the thyroid gland completely, in severe cases of bilateral thyroid nodules, or thyroid cancer.
- Isthmectomy: Isthmus is the piece of tissue that connects the two lobes of the thyroid gland. Small tumors that develop on the isthmus require isthmectomy to be performed.
How Is the Procedure of Thyroid Surgery Performed?
A set of instructions are provided to the person undergoing thyroid surgery. This generally involves not eating solid food or drinking any fluids for some time before the surgery.
At Apollo Spectra, Kanpur, the surgeon generally gives general anesthesia to the patient to avoid any pain or discomfort during the surgery. Throughout the surgery, heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen level are maintained at standard levels.
Once the anesthesia acts, the surgeon makes a small incision on the center of the neck. The surgeon is careful to avoid the windpipe and vocal cords. A part or all of the thyroid gland is removed. The surgery generally lasts for 2 hours.
The patient may have a sore throat for a few days. It is advised to seek medical attention if there is swelling, pain, or difficulty in breathing, persistent for a few days after the surgery.
What Are the Benefits of Thyroid Surgery?
Thyroid surgery is generally harmless and occurs with fewer complications and risks. Few benefits of thyroid surgery are:
- Achieving euthyroidism - Euthyroid is the state of having normal thyroid gland function.
- Avoiding long-term use of antithyroid medications
- Renders childbearing possible
- Avoiding radioactive iodine ablation
- Permits titration of thyroid hormone
What Are the Side Effects of Thyroid Surgery?
The risks of thyroid Surgery may include the following:
- Injury to the parathyroid glands
- A slight change in the voice
After the surgery, the surgeon monitors the parathyroid hormone and calcium levels. Low calcium levels may show symptoms like numbness or muscle cramps
In the case of complete thyroidectomy, the person will require hormone replacement therapy for life long. It sometimes involves taking a synthetic version of thyroid hormone.
Who Is the Right Candidate for Thyroid Surgery?
The following people are the right candidates in Kanpur, for thyroid surgery:
- People allergic to antithyroid medications
- People resistant to radioactive iodine
- People with hyperthyroidism
- People with hot nodules (nodule producing excess thyroxine)
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kanpur
Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment
The following complications may occur:
- Parathyroid glands may not function properly.
- Nerves controlling the voice may be affected after surgery.
- Low calcium levels.
As the surgery requires an incision to be made in the center of your neck, there will be significant scars for a few days after the surgery. The severity of the scar will depend on the length of the incision on the neck.
As over-the-counter pain relievers help in reducing the pain, most people resume work or daily activities after the surgery. However, excessive physical activities have to be avoided.