Breast Cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in Chunni Ganj, Kanpur
Breasts are the tissue that overlies the chest muscles called pectoral muscles. Men and women have different types of breasts. However, women's breasts compose specialized tissues called glandular tissue that produces milk.
What is Breast Cancer?
When cells in the breast begin to grow out of control, it causes breast cancer. Cells of the tissues inside the breasts develop a tumor. It feels like a lump when physically examined. But, most lumps are benign and non-cancerous. Non-cancerous lumps are abnormal growths and do not spread outside the breast. These are not life-threatening, however, they need to be checked by a doctor to learn whether they are benign or malignant. Breast cancer occurs in women more than men. But, it occurs in men too.
What are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?
Symptoms of breast cancer vary from person to person. But, some common symptoms include:
- Occurrence of a lump in the breast and/or the armpit
- A pulling feeling in the nipple and pain in the nipple area
- Irritation on the breast skin
- Pain in the breast area
- Change in shape or size of the breast
- Blood discharge through nipples
- Redness in the nipple area
When to see a Doctor in Case of Breast Cancer?
Doctors suggest that all mid-aged women should go for a physical breast examination even if they don't show symptoms. But if you notice any lump in your breast or armpit, contact your doctor as soon as possible. If symptoms like redness, swelling, or blood discharge from nipples occur, then medical help is essential.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kanpur
Call1860-500-2244 to book an appointment
What are the Treatments for Breast Cancer?
Some breast cancer treatments at Apollo Spectra, Kanpur, include:
- Surgery -Surgery includes the removal of the tumor and some surrounding healthy parts surgically from the breast. The smaller the tumor, the more surgical options a patient has. Depending on the severity, surgeries done at Apollo Spectra, Kanpur are lumpectomy and mastectomy. Lumpectomy is a process that involves the removal of a tumor and a small healthy part of the surrounding tissue from the breast. Most of the breast remains after this procedure. Mastectomy is a process that involves the removal of the entire breast.
- Lymph node removal surgery - In some cases, cancer cells can be found in the axillary lymph nodes. Finding out whether any of the lymph nodes near the breast contain cancer becomes essential. It helps determine the treatment and prognosis technique
- External breast forms - External breast forms are also known as prostheses. It is an artificial breast made for women who don't consider reconstructive surgery. They fit into a mastectomy bra and provide a better fit and natural appearance.
- Reconstructive surgery - Reconstructive surgery at Apollo Spectra, Kanpur is an option for women who have gone through lumpectomy or mastectomy. It involves reconstruction of the breast using tissue taken from another part of the body or synthetic implants.
What are the Causes of Breast Cancer?
Some causes of breast cancer include:
- Heredity - About 5 to 10 percent of breast cancer cases occur due to genetic mutations passed through generations. Several inherited gene mutations increase the likelihood of getting breast cancer.
- Risk Factors - some factors associated with increased risk of getting breast cancer are:
- Being female - Females are much more likely to develop breast cancer than males.
- The beginning of your period at a young age increases the risk of developing breast cancer.
- Radiation exposure increases the risk of breast cancer development.
- Never being pregnant - Women who have never been pregnant have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
- Excessive alcohol consumption.
- Age - As you age, the risk of developing breast cancer increases.
Breast cancer is a common disease among women, therefore going for physical examinations after 30-40 years of age is essential. Earlier the detection, the lesser the severity of the disease.
Yes, breastfeeding does reduce the risk of developing breast cancer.
Yes, working out does reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. A little power walking can be enough to boost your immune system.
Drinking and smoking are a threat to a healthy body in general. Drinking and smoking are responsible for many types of cancers and not just breast cancer.