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Abnormal Menstruation

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Best Abnormal Menstruation Treatment & Diagnostics in Koramangala, Bangalore

For some women, menstrual periods seem to be driven by clockwork. But for others there may be fluctuations in every cycle. Normally, women have between 11 and 13 menstrual periods each year.

What is abnormal menstruation?

The main symptom of abnormal menstruation is when the cycle is longer than 35 days. Apart from this,  menstruation is considered to be abnormal when your periods are too heavy or too light, when they occur too regularly, when they come with severe pain (dysmenorrhea) or last for more than 10 days or when there is complete absence of period for over 90 days.

It can be difficult to understand abnormal menstruation, however these are certain tell-tale signs. They can help you understand your period problem so that you can immediately schedule an appointment with a gynecology doctor near you.

What are the causes of abnormal menstruation?

Abnormal menstruation or irregular periods can occur in a woman for several reasons starting from a change in contraception method, hormonal imbalance to deeper underlying medical conditions. Here are some specific causes:

  • Premature ovarian failure - The ovaries of some women stop working at the age of 40 , this causes the menstrual cycle to be longer, which means they get their period only once in a while.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - An inflammation in the female reproductive system is usually caused by sexually transmitted infections.
  • Anovulation - A lack of ovulation causes a lack of the hormone progesterone which leads to heavy and abnormal bleeding during your menstrual period and this needs to be examined by a gynecology doctor near you.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome - This condition can be caused by a imbalance in male sex hormones which lead to irregularities in periods.
  • Stress - Anxiety or stress can affect your menstruation and cause abnormalities or delay your period.
  • Extreme exercising - Heavy endurance exercise can disrupt the time of your menstrual bleeding or in extreme cases even stop it.
  • Weight loss or eating disorders - Extreme dieting or eating disorders can also throw the timing of your periods in disarray.
  • Endometriosis - This medical disorder can also result in abnormal periods as the tissue that is supposed to line the uterus starts to grow outside the uterus.

Lastly, certain medications, uncontrolled diabetes, thyroid problems, uterine fibroids, cancer growths and being overweight are some of the other causes that may lead to abnormal menstruation.

What are the basic symptoms? When do you need to see a doctor?

Seeking help from a gynecology doctor if you have bleeding or sudden spotting in between periods. Also, watch out for:

  • Fever
  • Sudden weight loss or gain
  • Abnormal hair growth
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Unbearable pain during periods
  • Unmanageable acne
  • Nipple discharge

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals,Koramangala, Bangalore.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is abnormal menstruation diagnosed?

Your doctor will conduct medical tests in order to diagnose your condition which may include the following:

  • a pelvic examination
  • blood tests
  • abdominal ultrasound
  • pelvic and transvaginal ultrasound
  • CT scan
  • MRI

How is abnormal menstruation treated?

You don’t always need treatment for abnormal menstruation unless it is affecting your life or there is another underlying condition which in turn is affecting your menstrual cycles. Based on your problem, the gynecology doctor will suggest

  • Oral contraceptives
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Hormonal medicines to regularize your periods
  • Thyroid medication
  • Vitamin D supplements

In case of abnormal menstruation due to stress, do

  • Yoga
  • Meditation
  • Breathing exercises

Other medical options may include:

D&C (dilation and curettage) - This is a minor procedure in which your gynecology surgeon will dilate your cervix in order to remove tissue from your uterus. This surgery is usually done to stop abnormal and heavy menstrual bleeding.

Surgery - This treatment is usually followed for cancerous or benign tumours. Apart from this, it is also used to remove fibroids in certain cases.

Endometrial resection - This operation removes the uterine lining of a woman’s body completely. Hence, it is better to seek other treatment options before considering this in case you want to bear children.

Hysterectomy - This surgical procedure involves the removal of your cervix, uterus and in some cases, even the ovaries (which eventually leads to premature menopause). After having a hysterectomy, you will not be able to conceive and have children.

Conclusion

Keeping a track of your period is a great way to identify any abnormalities in your menstruation. If you notice any of the above symptoms or sudden changes in your menstrual cycle, you need to contact a gynecology doctor near you for consultation.

Can you calculate ovulation with abnormal menstruation?

It is difficult to calculate your ovulation period using period/ovulation trackers when your cycle is irregular. This is another important reason why you need a checkup with your gynecology doctor so that you can begin your treatment process as soon as possible.

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