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Male Infertility

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Male Infertility Treatment & Diagnostics in Koramangala, Bangalore

Male Infertility

In spite of advancement in medical technology, male infertility issues are often disregarded and not considered a serious problem. Infertility is often considered a women’s issue. However, it should be noted that approximately half of all the infertility cases are due to male infertility, according to medical health experts.

What are the basic things we need to know about male fertility?

Male infertility is defined as when any sexual health issue in a man lowers the chances of a female partner conceiving. Mostly, male infertility is due to deficiencies in the semen.

Lifestyle factors like lack of regular exercise, personal and professional stress, health and nutrition and environmental pollutants play an important role in male infertility.

Most of the problems causing male infertility revolve around issues in the sperm. Male fertility is usually determined by a few variables of sperm, which are:

  • Motility of sperm
  • Sperm concentration
  • Morphology of sperm
  • Semen volume

To seek treatment, you can visit a urology hospital in Bangalore. Or you can search online for a urology doctor near me.

What are the symptoms of male infertility?

Apart from women partners failing to conceive, other symptoms include:

  • Gynecomastia (abnormal breast growth)
  • Lower than normal sperm count
  • Problems with sexual function
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain or swelling in the testicular region
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Decreased hair growth on face and body

These symptoms however do not definitely denote a male infertility problem. One must always visit a doctor for a proper diagnosis.

What are the causes of male infertility?

Few common causes are:

  • Retrograde ejaculation: This is when the semen goes backwards instead of forward. In this condition, the sperm is not the problem, rather the nerve or the muscles do not close after the semen release and hence, is not released from the penis to reach the vagina.
  • Sperm disorder: Sperm disorder can be due to various reasons like sperm may not have fully grown, may not be in good numbers, may not move in the correct way, may be oddly shaped and so on.
  • Hormonal issue: Low hormonal levels also lead to poor sperm development.
  • Immunological infertility: Immunological infertility occurs when a man’s body produces antibodies that attack sperm.
  • Varicoceles: The swollen veins in the scrotum are known as varicoceles. This harms the growth of sperm by blocking proper blood drainage.
  • Obstruction: The tubes through which the sperms move are blocked and it leads to male infertility.
  • Medication: There are some medications which can also decrease the sperm production, delivery or the count. Few conditions which involve these medicines include depression, anxiety, infections, high blood pressure, cancer and arthritis.

When should you visit a doctor?

If you are experiencing any symptoms of male infertility or you are unable to conceive a child even after frequent trials for about a year, you should consult a doctor. However, it must be noted that both partners should get tested and examined in order to determine the right reason for not being able to conceive.

You may visit a urologist who has experience in fertility treatment or an andrologist (male fertility specialist).

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Koramangala, Bangalore.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is male infertility diagnosed?

The diagnosis is done via physical examination and reviewing medical history. Your doctor may do semen analysis and blood test to check for hormonal imbalance, genetic problems and other medical issues. Doctors may also perform ultrasonography if they suspect a particular disease which is leading to the problem of male infertility.

How is male infertility treated?

The treatment for male infertility depends upon the cause of the problem. Once the cause is ascertained by a doctor, the treatment gets started. It must be noted that age factor also plays an important role in fertility treatments. Male infertility treatments are broadly classified into three categories:

  • Non-surgical therapy
  • Surgical therapy
  • Treatments for unknown causes

Several of the male infertility problems can directly be treated without the need for surgery. These non-surgical treatments include:

  • Rectal probe electroejaculation
  • Penile vibratory stimulation
  • Antibiotic drugs

When the non-surgical treatments cannot be done or fail to address the issue, the following surgical therapies are opted for:

  • Varicocelectomy
  • Azoospermia treatments
  • Microsurgical vasovasostomy
  • Vasoepididymostomy
  • Transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct (TURED)

Sometimes the reason for male infertility issue cannot be determined. There are certain treatments in such cases like:

  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  • In-vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
  • Testicular sperm extraction (TESE)
  • Testicular fine needle aspiration (TFNA)
  • Percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA)
  • Microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA)

How is male infertility prevented?

Here are some measures that are advised:

  • Avoid smoking, tobacco and alcohol consumption
  • Maintain optimal frequency of coital activity
  • Avoid using any form of heat at the testicular region
  • Wear protective gears while playing sports 
  • Maintain a healthy diet which should include vitamins, antioxidants, omega 3 fatty acids, and low in trans and saturated fatty acids
  • Reduce stress

Conclusion

There is nothing to be ashamed of. Male infertility simply means that the sperm needs a little aid. With advancement in medical technology, it is now quite easy to deal with the issue. All you need is support and motivation to visit a doctor.

Where is sperm collection done?

The sperm is always collected at a sperm bank which is a licensed hospital or fertility center.

What is the treatment-deciding factor?

The treatment for male infertility is decided on the basis of diagnosis and test results, age factor, health and the issue causing infertility.

Is male infertility very common?

Infertility is a very common issue. 1 in 6 couples face difficulty conceiving a child. Among this, 30% is due to male infertility.

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