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Avascular necrosis in the hip and knee is a debilitating condition. Avascular necrosis (AVN) is a progressive bone condition caused by a lack of blood supply to the bone tissue. It causes the death of bone cells. Like the heart, if the blood supply to the bone of the hip joint gets damaged, it can lead to a complete collapse of the hip joint. Doctors refer to it as avascular necrosis. We know blood vessels supply oxygen and nutrition to the bone, and when this function is improper, a person can face conditions like avascular necrosis (AVN). Aseptic necrosis, avascular necrosis of bone, and ischemic necrosis of bone are terms used by doctors to describe avascular necrosis (AVN). Excessive use of alcohol and high-dose steroids cause avascular necrosis (AVN). However, avascular necrosis may also occur for no apparent reason, and the femur is the main bone affected.

What are Avascular Necrosis and Bone Degeneration?

Avascular necrosis (AVN), also known as Osteonecrosis, is the death of bone tissue because of a lack of blood supply. Avascular necrosis (AVN) is a progressive disease that restricts mobility and collapses the affected joint as it advances. AVN affects the knee, shoulder, ankle, and other regions, resulting in a debilitating condition. However, AVN affects the hip joint of young adults between the age group of 20-45 years.

What are the Stages of the Progress of AVN?

  • The early stages of AVN are I and II, the symptoms beginning in stage II. Your doctor will identify it early, as AVN spreads quickly.
  • In late-stage III and IV, significant bone fractures and cartilage damage render the joint non-functional. To replace the stage IV AVN joint, your surgeon may perform total hip replacement surgery.

What are the Symptoms of AVN?

If you have Avascular Necrosis (AVN), you may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Pain in your hips, knees, and groin.
  • The most common symptom of AVN is a pain when you put weight on your hip.
  • When you put weight on the affected joint, you will experience pain.
  • When lying down, there is pain and limited movement in the affected joint.
  • Limp walking (a sluggish and awkward walking style triggered by a leg or foot injury).

What is the Best Treatment for Avascular Necrosis (AVN)?

  • Bone cell therapy entails using the patient's cells (extracted from the patient) as a therapeutic tool to treat AVN.
  • Bone cell therapy is a long-term treatment for avascular necrosis that slows the advancement of the disease and restores movement.

What is the Treatment Procedure for Bone Cell Therapy?

There are three steps to bone cell therapy.

  • Extraction of bone marrow.
  • Your surgeons will isolate and culture all healthy bone cells (osteoblasts) in the laboratory.
  • Your surgeons implant cultured bone cells.

What are the Advantages of Bone Cell Therapy for AVN?

  • Natural treatment, as it uses the patient’s cells.
  • The patient can resume an active, pain-free, and normal life.
  • It eliminates the need for Invasive Total Hip Replacement Surgery.

What are the Causes of Avascular Necrosis (AVN)?

  • Excessive steroid use, alcohol consumption, and smoking.
  • Accident or life-threatening illness.
  • Obesity and sedentary tendencies.
  • Chemotherapy treatment for idiopathic (of unknown origin) diseases.

What are the Potential Complications of AVN?

Subchondral necrosis, subchondral fracture, bone collapse, articular surface deformity, and osteoarthritis are all symptoms of AVN. Sclerosis and joint destruction may occur in later stages. Potential complications include fractured nonunion and secondary muscle waste.
During cartilage injuries, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms.

  • Joint pain, both at rest and when applying weight to the affected joint.
  • Swelling near the injured joint.
  • Stiffness of the joints.
  • Sense of clicking or grinding.
  • Joint catching or locking.

How to Cure Cartilage Injury with Cartilage Cell Therapy?

Cartilage damage is a common injury, and it affects the knees and other joints, such as the hips, ankles, and elbows. Cartilage is a tough, flexible tissue spread all over the body. Cartilage lacks blood supply, and unlike a skin injury, it will not heal on its own. As a result, cartilage damage requires surgical intervention.

Cartilage cell therapy is a treatment that involves using the patient’s cells (autologous) as a therapeutic tool to treat cartilage damage and osteochondral defects.

What is Cartilage Cell Damage Treatment?

  • Doctors extract healthy cartilage from the patient.
  • Cultured cartilage cells (chondrocytes) expand in the laboratory.
  • Cultured chondrocytes are then implanted in the cartilage damage area.

When Should You See a Doctor if You Have Avascular Necrosis?

If you have persistent pain in any joint, please see your doctor. If you believe you have a broken bone or a dislocated joint, minor fractures, sluggish or a limping walk, excessive weight gain or loss, poor oxygen level in the body, seek medical attention right away.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Koramangala, Banglore,

Call us at 1800-500-1066 to book an appointment

Conclusion:

Bone cell therapy is a long-term treatment for avascular necrosis that slows the progression of the disease and restores mobility. There are three steps to bone cell therapy.

  • Extraction of bone marrow
  • Your surgeons will isolate and culture all healthy bone cells (osteoblasts) in the laboratory.
  • Your surgeons will insert cultured bone cells.

References:

https://www.regrow.in

https://www.ortho-one.in

https://www.healthline.com

1. Can we repair cartilage without surgery?

While cartilage does not regrow or replace itself, a few different treatment options can repair or supplant it. Physiotherapists can perform many cartilage injuries without surgery via physical therapy and anti-inflammatory medication.

2. What happens if I don’t treat my avascular necrosis?

If untreated, AVN can progress to painful osteoarthritis. Avascular necrosis can cause the collapse of a bone segment in severe cases. Avascular necrosis may cause the joint surface to collapse if it occurs near a joint.

3. How does avascular necrosis affect the prognosis?

Within three years of diagnosis, more than half of the patients with AVN require surgical treatment.

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