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Enlarged Prostate Treatment

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Enlarged Prostate Treatment Treatment & Diagnostics in Koramangala, Bangalore

Enlarged Prostate Treatment 

Enlarged prostate hyperplasia (EPH) is common in men over 50 years.  An enlarged prostate can make the urethra, a vessel that drains urine out of the body from the floor of the bladder, narrow. This in turn can affect the quality of life by causing discomfort in urination or other urinary tract problems. Urology hospitals in Koramangala offer the best care and treatment for your enlarged prostate.

What do we need to know about enlarged prostate hyperplasia?

EPH is a urological medical condition characterized by an enlarged prostate, a small muscular gland and a part of the male reproductive system.

What are the symptoms of EPH?

Some of the symptoms of EPH are as follows:

  • Difficulty in urination
  • Nocturia - Frequent urination at night
  • Post micturition incontinence - Dribbling of urine at the end
  • Urinary incontinence - Involuntary urine leakage
  • Painful urination
  • Incomplete bladder emptying

To seek treatment, you can visit urology hospitals in Koramangala as well.

What causes EPH?

The exact cause is yet to be known. However, it is said that the condition can progress because of the changes in the male sex hormone, testosterone, associated with ageing.

When should you consult a doctor?

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of an enlarged prostate mentioned above, consult a doctor.

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Koramangala, Bangalore.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is EPH treated?

There is no cure for enlarged prostate hyperplasia, but treatment can help patients lead a normal life.  A wide range of treatment options is available for an enlarged prostate. Usually, the choice of treatment largely depends on various factors such as the size of the prostate, age, complications, risk factors and symptoms severity.

Some of the treatment options for enlarged prostate hyperplasia include:

  • Medication: Medications are commonly used to treat mild and moderate cases of enlarged prostate. Depending on your overall health and other medical conditions, your doctor may recommend the following medications:
    • Alpha-Blockers: Alpha-blockers are a class of medications that helps in relaxing prostate muscles. They can effectively reduce the difficulty and pain caused  by urination. Alfuzosin, Cardura, Silodosin and Flomaxare are some of the commonly prescribed alpha-blocker medications.Long-term use of these medicines can increase the risk of heart diseases. However, these adverse effects can be eliminated by using a short-acting alpha-blocker.
    • Alpha-5-reductase inhibitor: Alpha-5-reductase inhibitors are effective in treating mild cases of EPH. These classes of drugs work by blocking the hormonal changes causing prostate enlargement. Finasteride and dutasteride are commonly prescribed medications. 
  • Minimal invasive transurethral needle ablation (TUNA) treatment: TUNA treatment for enlarged prostate involves the use of high-frequency radio waves to destroy prostate tissue. As a result, the prostate shrinks, which facilitates easier flow of urine from the urethra.
  • Surgery - transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP): For severe and bothersome cases of enlarged prostate, doctors often recommend surgery to achieve long-term solutions. TURP is the most commonly used surgical option to treat enlarged prostate.

Conclusion

Fortunately, most cases of enlarged prostate do not cause any major health concerns. And it is very common in old age. An early diagnosis of an enlarged prostate can help doctors eliminate the need for major surgery.

How is an enlarged prostate diagnosed?

To diagnose EPH, your doctor will do the following:

  • Physical examination and medical history taking
  • Blood test: To check your kidney function
  • Digital rectal exam: In this test, your doctor will examine your lower rectum to check for any enlargement in your prostate.
  • Urine analysis: Test results of urine analysis may give a clue about the underlying condition affecting the kidney and bladder function
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: Your doctor may perform a PSA test to rule out prostate cancer.

What are the risk factors?

Some of the common risk factors that increase the chance of developing enlarged prostate are as follows:

  • Age: Men above 50 years are more prone to developing an enlarged prostate
  • Genetic factors: Having a family history of the prostate problem may also increase the chance of developing an enlarged prostate
  • Health factors: Common health complications such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular heart diseases can also increase the chance of developing an enlarged prostate

What are the risks of transurethral resection of the prostate?

Some of the common risks include

  • Internal bleeding
  • Surgical infection
  • Painful urination
  • Bladder injury

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