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Laparoscopy Procedure

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Laparoscopy Procedure Treatment & Diagnostics in Koramangala, Bangalore

Laparoscopy Procedure

Minimally invasive surgery is a modern surgical technique that involves little or no incisions instead of large incisions, as are common in traditional surgery. This procedure has low risks and high benefits when compared to traditional ones. Minimum blood loss, trauma and reduced length of hospital stay are some of the benefits of minimally invasive urological treatments like laparoscopy. Most of the urological problems are now treated using laparoscopic procedures.

What do we need to know about laparoscopic procedures in urology?

Minimally invasive urological surgery is the latest advancement in the field of urology. Through these procedures, surgeons can access the internal organs with apparent magnification. Minimally invasive surgery is performed for a variety of urological diseases such as:

  • Non-cancerous and malignant cancerous urological problems
  • Conditions affecting various urological organs (kidney, adrenal gland, prostate, bladder, lymph nodes)

For more details, you can visit any of the urology hospitals in Bangalore. Or you can search online for a urology doctor near me.

What are the types of minimally invasive surgery?

There are robotic and non-robotic minimally invasive surgical procedures.

Robotic-assisted techniques
Robotic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique that provides a magnified 3D view of the site on which complex surgical procedures will be performed in a less invasive manner. One of the urological surgeries, radical prostatectomy, is based on the robotic approach. 

Non-robotic assisted techniques

  • Laparoscopic is a non-robotic technique wherein doctors use long-handled tools to perform surgery using images from the laparoscope on screen. However, recently developed robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery provides a more significant advantage for surgeons, as this technique provides better 3D visuals.
  • Endoscopy is another minimally invasive surgery where a urology surgeon uses an endoscope to view internal organs.

What are the benefits of minimally invasive surgeries like laparoscopy?

  • Less trauma
  • Less discomfort
  • Smaller Incisions 
  • Less pain and bleeding
  • Shorter recovery period 

What are the surgeries performed using such techniques?

  • Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Surgery 
  • Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopy Surgery
  • Robotic-Assisted with Da Vinci Surgery
  • Transurethral microwave thermo-therapy
  • Percutaneous Nephrostolithotomy

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic surgery for urological problems:

  • Prostatectomy (prostate surgery)
  • Partial and Total Nephrectomy (kidney surgery) 
  • Robotic Pyeloplasty

How is laparoscopic surgery performed?

After diagnosis, if your surgeon recommended surgery for treating urology problems, there are two minimally invasive surgery procedures: Laparoscopic surgery and Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery. 

Laparoscopy surgery procedure

  • One of the applications of laparoscopy surgery in urology is eliminating kidney cancer or kidney cysts. 
  • During surgery, you will be administered general anesthesia and antibiotics to block pain and minimize the risk of infection. 
  • Then you will be positioned on your side, and the surgeon makes three incisions. One measures 3.5 inches to remove the kidney from the tissue around it. 
  • The other small incisions are used to insert a tube to pump the carbon dioxide gas to inflate the abdomen.
  • Then the surgeon manually drains the kidney cysts and decompresses the kidney to fit into the incision after surgery.
  • If the surgery is for both kidneys, they will reposition you, and the surgeon performs the identical procedure on the other side. 
  • In the end, the incisions are closed with the absorbable suture. 

Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for treating kidney cancer
In the robotic-assisted Da Vinci technology, urologists sit next to a console to operate tiny instruments. The system translates the surgeon's hand movements and rotates the instruments as per instructions.

In this procedure, urologists make several small incisions on the side of the abdomen. As the camera provides greater magnification, the surgeons enjoy a clear vision of the kidney, blood vessels and the surrounding parts. Doctors may use ultrasound guidance to dissect the kidney mass accurately. The blood supply to the kidney is temporarily sealed to minimize blood loss. In partial nephrectomy, the surgeons remove the tumor part of the kidney.

What are the complications from the surgery?

Minor complications from laparoscopic surgery may include:

  • Wound infection
  • Persistent pain
  • Tissue or organ injury
  • Vascular and bowel injuries
  • Incisional hernia
  • Blood in their urine

When do you need to consult a doctor?

During your recovery period, postoperative complications from surgical injuries like pain, nausea and constipation are common. You are required to consult your surgeon if you notice any other abnormal symptoms or if such complications are not relieved after a few weeks.

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Koramangala, Bangalore.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Conclusion

Laparoscopic urology procedure has advanced from abla­tive to reconstructive surgery. These procedures with little or no incisions are performed for a variety of urological conditions. Laparoscopic surgery has fewer risks and offers significant benefits over traditional or open surgery.

Why do I need a laparoscopy?

You may require a laparoscopy if you experience severe pain or a lump in the abdomen or pelvis region or have kidney, prostate and abdominal cancer or any reproductive issues. It is not suitable for all patients. Surgeons will decide based on previous health conditions.

How do I prepare for a laparoscopic surgery?

Do not drink for 6 to 12 hours before the surgery or stop using some medications like anticoagulants or any other based on the diagnosis data. Further, you are advised to stop smoking as it can delay the healing process.

What is the recovery time after laparoscopic surgery?

The recovery time depends on an individual’s health condition. It takes a week to recover if you have undergone a laparoscopy for a specific condition or 12 weeks to recover in case of major surgeries like removing ovaries or kidneys.

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