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Anal Abscess

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Best Anal Abscess Treatment & Diagnostics in Koramangala, Bangalore

An abscess is a pus-filled cavity formed around the anus in response to a bacterial infection. As a result, you will experience bleeding, extreme pain, fatigue and fever. In some rare cases, it may lead to an anal fistula. An abscess can heal itself, while a deep abscess needs surgery. Surgical incision and drainage are the most common surgical treatments for any anal abscess.

What do we need to know about an anal abscess?

An anal abscess is a condition wherein the infected cavity is filled with pus in the anus region. A bacterial infection or flow obstruction usually causes an abscess. We usually have 8 to 10 small glands around our anus that help fecal matter through mucus secretion. When the internal glands or healthy tissues of the anus are blocked with bacteria, fungi or other fecal matter, it results in the formation of an abscess.

To seek assistance, you can visit general surgery hospitals in Bangalore. Or you can search online for a general surgeon near me.

What are the different types of anal abscess?

As the anal glands are located in the intersphincteric space, there is a possibility that infection can spread to the adjacent areas. Based on the anatomic location and distribution, anal abscess are classified into following types:

  • Perineal Abscess
  • Ischiorectal Abscess
  • Intersphincteric Abscess
  • Supralevator Abscess

What are the symptoms of an anal abscess?

Extreme pain and swelling in the anal region are the most noticeable symptoms of an anal abscess. Other symptoms of an anal abscess include:

  • Constipation
  • Rectal Bleeding
  • Fatigue and fever
  • Skin irritation, redness and tenderness around the anus
  • Urinary problems

What causes an anal abscess?

The general cause of an anal abscess is a bacterial infection in the anal glands. Other causes may include:

  • Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Anal sex
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • A blocked anal gland

What are the risk factors?

These may include:

  • Inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
  • Diabetes
  • Constipation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Unbalanced immune system 
  • Anal sex 
  • Using medications like prednisone or other steroids
  • Toddlers or children with anal fissures are at high risk of developing an anal abscess

What are the complications from an anal abscess?

These may include:

  • Possibility of anal fistula
  • Sepsis Infection
  • An abscess returning
  • Constant pain
  • To seek assistance, you can visit general surgery hospitals in Koramangala.

When do you need to consult a doctor?

If you experience constant pain, itching, high fever, painful bowel movement and redness around the anal region, you need to consult your surgeon. After performing specific tests, doctors will suggest whether you require treatment or surgery.

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Koramangala, Bangalore.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is an anal abscess diagnosed?

Anal abscesses are diagnosed on clinical findings. A surgeon examines the infected area for any redness and swelling; otherwise, a doctor performs an endoscopy or an MRI or an ultrasound if there is no external manifestation of the abscess. Possibly, a colonoscopy is required to know whether the infection is associated with Crohn's disease.

How is an anal abscess treated?

There are rare cases where anal abscesses do not require any treatments or antibiotic therapy. Proper surgical drainage of the abscess is required, preferably before the abscess erupts. For a superficial anal abscess, doctors make an incision and drain the abscess by paralyzing the infected area.

Surgical procedure: If the abscess is deep, a procedure must be performed at a hospital under general anesthesia. The drained abscess is kept open and does not require any stitches. The doctor prescribes antibiotics for around a week to help in treating the infection and prevent further spread. The doctor may also advise you to use a sitz bath - a shallow basin with warm water to clean the anal area. During the recovery stage, stool softeners help in reducing abrasion and allow the drained abscess to heal appropriately.

How do you prevent an anal abscess?

Preventive measures include:

  • Protection against STDs
  • Use condoms to avoid infections
  • Maintain proper hygiene of the anal area
  • Frequently change diapers for newborn babies
  • Monitor health risks to avoid anal problems

Conclusion

An anal abscess is a common condition that is curable upon proper treatment. While abscess occurs spontaneously for no right reasons, they are often associated with bowel irregularities, gastrointestinal problems and immune disorders. Early notice of the symptoms helps in reducing complications. It is essential to follow your surgeon’s advice for proper care of the anal area after surgery to prevent anal fistula.

Can I drain an anal abscess?

Do not drain an abscess by yourself because if not drained properly, the abscess can spread to other parts. You can take a warm bath after each bowel movement to reduce the infection.

What is the recovery period after surgery?

After the surgery, your body needs 2 to 3 weeks to heal. It is normal if you see some bleeding and pain during recovery. Healthy tissues will grow to seal the wound.

Can an anal abscess lead to other diseases?

If not properly treated, an abscess leads to anal fistula, perianal sepsis or tissue infection of the anus and surrounding areas. Take proper care after surgery to prevent recurring abscess.

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