Thyroid Gland Removal Surgery in Koramangala, Bangalore
Thyroid removal is also called thyroidectomy. It is the surgical removal of parts of or the complete thyroid gland. Anatomically, the thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is present at the base of your neck. It basically produces multiple hormones that control various aspects of the thyroid metabolism.
To find out more about thyroid removal options, you can visit general surgery hospitals in Bangalore. Or you can search online for a general surgeon near me.
What do we need to know about thyroidectomy? What are the causes?
Thyroid removal surgery is used to treat multiple conditions like thyroid cancers, goiter, and overactivity of thyroid or hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid cancer - Cancer is one of the most common causes of thyroid removal surgery. If you are suffering from thyroid cancer, then removing the entire thyroid or a part of it is probably the only treatment option.
- Goiter - It is also called the noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid. If you have problems in breathing or swallowing because of the uncomfortable size of the thyroid gland, then thyroid removal is recommended.
- Hyperthyroidism - It is a condition where your thyroid glands are overactive. They are producing excess thyroxine. If the antithyroid drugs are ruled out, then it is considered a viable option.
- Suspicious thyroid nodules - Some nodules present in the thyroid are sometimes not identified as cancerous or they can appear noncancerous even after a biopsy. If the risk is excessive, then the doctor may recommend thyroid removal to such patients.
What are the types of thyroid removal?
There are multiple approaches to thyroid removal. They include:
- Conventional thyroid removal - It includes making an incision at the center of your neck.
- Transoral thyroid removal - In this procedure, the neck incision is avoided, condensation is directly ensured inside the mouth
- Endoscopic thyroid removal - This procedure uses extremely small-end incisions in your neck and then multiple surgical video cameras and instruments are inserted. This is minimally invasive.
You can visit general surgery hospitals in Koramangala as well.
When do you need to see a doctor?
If you suspect any of the above, consult a doctor immediately.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Koramangala, Bangalore.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What are some risks associated with this procedure?
It is usually considered a very safe procedure but since it is a surgery, it does carry some risks:
- Excess bleeding
- Infection of the thyroid gland
- Hypoparathyroidism (low level of parathyroid hormone)
- Hoarse voice
How to prepare yourself for a thyroidectomy?
If you have an overactive thyroid, your healthcare provider may provide you with medications like iodine and potassium. This is done so as to prevent bleeding after surgery by lowering the activity of thyroid function. Eating and drinking are also to be avoided before the surgery to prevent any anesthesia complications. You should follow the specific instructions that are provided by your healthcare providers.
What can you expect before the procedure?
Usually, surgeons perform thyroid procedure removal under anesthesia so you will not be conscious during the procedure. The team of surgeons places several monitors throughout your body to check your vitals like heart rate, oxygen levels and blood pressure during the procedure. After the surgery, some patients can experience neck pain. If your voice sounds hoarse, It is not something that patients should worry about because there is no damage to the vocal cords.Such symptoms are short-term and usually wear off after some time.
Eating and drinking habits can return to normal after the surgery. You can also resume your regular set of activities. Follow your surgeon’s advice at all costs.
Once you are under anesthesia, surgeons make a low incision in the center of your neck. It is usually in a skin fold difficult to see after it has healed.
The scars of the surgery usually take about a year to completely fade. Your doctor may ask you to use sunscreen so as to help the scars be less visible.
When there is complete thyroid removal and the patient's body is not able to synthesize thyroid hormones anymore, then to prevent the development of hypothyroidism, synthetic thyroid hormones are prescribed by your healthcare providers.