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Gynaecology Cancer

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Gynaecology Cancer Treatment in Koramangala, Bangalore

Compared to other cancers like breast or lung cancer, gynaecological cancer is the least prevalent type of cancer, occurring in about 22,844 women in India, according to a study.
Around 67,477 women die of it each year.

All women are at risk of gynaecological cancer, and the risk increases with ageing. However, gynaecological cancers can be easily treated and have primarily successful results. Most of the time, even many early-stage cancers, like stage I endometrial cancer, are successfully treated with surgery alone when early diagnosed.

To know more about diagnosis, treatment and management of gynaecological cancers, reach out to your nearest gynaecology doctors in Koramangala.

What Is Gynaecology Cancer?

Gynaecology cancer is a group of cancers that affects the female genital tract, which sits beneath the digestive system. This includes cancers of the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and the spread of abnormal cells in any of these organs is named gynaecology cancer type.

How Many Types of Gynaecology Cancer Are There?

There are five different parts of the female reproductive system that can be affected by cancer. They are: 

  • Cervical cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer

What Are The Symptoms of Gynaecology Cancer?

Signs and symptoms are not the same for every person, and each gynaecology cancer has its unique symptoms.
Cervical cancer symptoms include:

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Pain in the pelvic area
  • Vaginal bleeding

Ovarian cancer symptoms include:

  • Loss of appetite (a feeling of fullness)
  • Bloating, abdominal or back pain:
  • Backaches 

Vaginal cancer symptoms include:

  • Pain during urination or sex
  • Frequent pelvic pain
  • Constipation

Vulvar cancer symptoms include:

  • Itching, burning, or pain in the vulva 
  • Changes in vulva colour or skin, such as a rash, sores, or warts

Uterine cancer symptoms include:

  • Painful, difficult, and frequent urination
  • Pain during sex
  • Frequent pelvic pain

What Are the Causes of Gynaecological Cancer?

The primary causes include: 

  • Diabetes.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
  • Smoking.
  • HIV infection or a weak immune system.
  • Obesity.
  • Reproductive and menstrual history
  • Previous history of breast or gynaecological cancer
  • Older age
  • Use of oral birth control or fertility drugs
  • Estrogen therapy

When To See A Doctor?

You should discuss the treatment options available for your type and stage of cancer with your doctor beforehand. They will explain the risks and benefits of each treatment.  

Your doctor will look at masses and irregularities in the uterus, cervix, ovaries, vagina, and vulva during your pelvic exam. Then may also order a Pap smear test to detect cancer cells. Even if there are no symptoms present, a regular visit is advisable. Look for gynaecology doctors near you.

Request an appointment at Apollo Hospitals

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment

What Are The Risk Factors?

  • Age: The older you get, the greater your risk of developing cancer.
  • Race: Caucasian and Hispanic women have more chances of being diagnosed with cancer.  
  • Family history: A family history of cancer may be a risk factor as well.

It is worth remembering that many women with one or more risk factors never develop gynaecological cancer. Even if these diseases cannot be entirely prevented, there are steps you can take to reduce their risk.

What Are the Treatment Options?

All gynaecological cancers are treated differently. It depends on the type of cancer and its spread. Women who are diagnosed often receive one or more kinds of treatments. Your oncologist may treat you with:

  • Surgery: They remove cancer-causing tissue through an operation 
  • Chemotherapy: A class of drugs is administered intravenously or orally to kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy: High-energy rays similar to X-rays are used to kill cancer cells.
  • Hormone therapy: Used to kill or stop cancer cells from growing.


Being diagnosed with cancer and its subsequent treatment can be very complex to tackle. Leading a healthy lifestyle can contribute to cancer prevention. Taking part in cervical and breast screening programs, regular exercising, and following good diet measures will help reduce your cancer risk.

Can you be cured of cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is the most preventable of all cancers. Since nearly every cervical cancer is caused by an HPV infection, it is possible to avoid cervical cancer simply by preventing HPV. HPV vaccination can largely decrease your risk of both infection and cancer.

How can I prevent ovarian cancer?

Some risk factors for ovarian cancer are inescapable. It is impossible to change the family history of ovarian cancer or a mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. Therefore, you must regularly have a sexual health exam to check for any infection that helps detect and reduce the risk of ovarian cancer.

What is a Pap test, and what is its purpose?

It is a procedure to test for gynaecological cancer in women. It involves collecting cells from your cervix, which is necessary to check for cancer and precancer under the microscope. The main goal of the Pap test is to detect abnormal cells that can develop into cancer if left untreated.


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