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Corneal Surgery

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Corneal Surgery in Sadashiv Peth, Pune

The surgical procedure of cornea, also known as a cornea transplant, involves the replacement of cornea. The cornea can be defined as the transparent surface area of your eye. It plays a major role in helping you see clearly with the eyes. A cornea surgery may be performed to correct the infected cornea, improve vision or visibility, or for improving the outer aspect of the eye, to beautify the appearance. The process of cornea transplant is also known as keratoplasty. Either the whole or part of the cornea is removed during the surgery. The cornea needed to replace the infected or damaged cornea is provided by a donor.

How is the Procedure of Corneal Surgery Performed?

Before the procedure of cornea surgery is performed, you will be asked to undergo an in-depth eye exam that may help your doctor to study the complications more closely. The measurement of your eye will be taken which will help in finding the right size of the cornea for you. It is also recommended that you discuss your history of medication and supplements to avoid any complications at a later stage.

Different types of procedures can be chosen depending on the severity and affected area of the cornea. Either the entire cornea or a part of it is removed. This depends on the damaged area of the cornea.

While performing any of the procedures, local anesthesia will be used. And it generally takes about 30 minutes to an hour for the completion of the surgery.

  • Full Thickness Corneal Transplant Surgery
    It is also known as penetrating keratoplasty. This type of surgery is chosen when the severity of the case is extremely high. This involves the replacement of all the layers of your cornea.
  • Partial Thickness Corneal Transplant Surgery
    This type of surgery is also known as deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. This type of surgery is used when the internal layers of the cornea are not affected. In this type of surgery, the outer and middle layers of the cornea are removed with the help of inducing air to lift the layers. There is very little scope for the inner eye getting infected during this procedure.
  • Endothelial Keratoplasty
    This type of surgery is used when the innermost part of the cornea has been infected or damaged.

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What are the Benefits of Corneal Surgery?

A cornea transplant surgery also known as keratoplasty is beneficial in treating several conditions related to the eyes and specifically cornea. It involves the partial or whole removal of the cornea when it is infected or damaged. It is also helpful in improving the condition of vision and providing relief from pain.

What are the Side Effects of Corneal Surgery?

Although the majority of the corneal surgeries performed prove to be efficient and successful, there are some major complications and side effects involved with the procedure. Some of the side effects connected with this procedure are:

  • high possibility of catching an eye infection affecting the internal surface of the eye
  • unexpected or excessive bleeding
  • the eye may reject the donor cornea, thereby leading to further complications
  • retinal swelling
  • the retina may get detached

Who are the Right Candidates for Corneal Surgery?

Corneal surgery may be recommended by the doctor if you are suffering from any of the following signs and symptoms, including:

  • leftover complications or side effects of any previously undergone eye surgery
  • Fuchs' dystrophy
  • thinning of the cornea
  • presence of creeks on the cornea
  • corneal ulcers
  • bulging out of the cornea
  • infected cornea
  • injured cornea

1. How long does it take to recover from a corneal surgery?

It may take around 6 to 12 weeks for your eye to start functioning perfectly. You may experience hazy visibility for a few days or weeks after the surgery. You may be prescribed eye drops that may help the replaced cornea to settle easily.

2. Can you see without the cornea?

The cornea is an integral part of the eye. It performs the function of allowing the eye to focus when it is struck by light, although it is transparent and not visible. An affected cornea can surely impact visibility.

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