Tennis Elbow Treatment in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
The overloading of the tendons in your elbow causes tennis elbow it is also known as lateral epicondylitis. This condition is painful and can be caused by repetitive motion of the arm and wrist. Tennis elbow can develop in people who have never played tennis. Any job where repetitive motion is required can cause tennis elbow such as butchers, painters, plumbers, etc.
Inflammation or tearing of the tendons joining the forearm muscles to the elbow can cause tennis elbow. The tendons wear off with overuse that is repetitive motion causes pain and tenderness in the particular area.
In most cases of tennis elbow, it is treated through physical therapy, and for severe cases, surgery is needed.
What are the Causes of Tennis Elbow?
The causes of tennis elbow are as follows:
- Overuse: The overuse of the arm while playing or working can damage a particular muscle in the forearm called ERCB. The ERCB weakens with overuse and causes tears in the tendon. Thus causing swelling and pain. The repetitive bending and straitening of the elbow causes wear and tear in the muscles as the muscles rub against bony bumps.
- Activities: Tennis elbow can develop in people who have never played tennis or any sports. Any job where repetitive motion or vigorous motion is required can cause tennis elbow such as in butchers, painters, plumbers, cooks, etc. Tennis players are more prone to tennis elbow development.
- Age:Age is another factor that can cause tennis elbow. Generally, people between the ages of 30-50 get tennis elbow. Using improper techniques in sports like tennis, cricket, squash, etc. can damage the tendon and cause tennis elbow.
What are the Symptoms of Tennis Elbow?
The development of the symptoms in the tennis elbow is slow. The pain builds up in the first week then worsens within months. Tennis elbow shows no signs of injuries and it’s hard to notice at first. Following are some symptoms of tennis elbow:
- You will have pain and a burning sensation on the outer part of the elbow.
- Your grip strength will weaken and you will not be able to lift heavy loads.
- Pain during the night or daily activities if the activity requires forearm movement.
Any forearm activity will only worsen the condition and increase the pain. Thus playing any sports that require forearm movement must be avoided.
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Diagnosis of tennis elbow
Your doctor will examine your elbow and try to pinpoint the affected area. You will be asked about your occupation or the type of sports you play to diagnose the problem. Be sure to tell about your previous injuries, this will also help your doctor to diagnose the issue. Let your doctor know about your medical history.
The doctor will perform extension and contraction on your forearm while applying resistance, if the process causes pain then you will be informed by the doctor that the muscles are not healthy and require treatment.
Additional tests will also be recommended by your doctor to diagnose the affected area. The following tests may be recommended.
- X-rays: X-rays are done to check for damage in the dome and to check for arthritis.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging: In this process, medical images are acquired by using radio waves within a magnetic field. This is done to check for any damages in the soft tissues, tendons, and muscles. MRI is also done to rule out other injuries and to check for the extent of the damage caused in the area. Your arm pain can be also be caused by a herniated disk in the neck, thus the MRI is also done to check for such cases.
- Electromyography: To check for nerve compression your doctor may order electromyography. This finds the damages caused in the nerve and the surrounding area.
How to treat Tennis Elbow in Pune?
Generally, tennis elbow can be treated by traditional methods and no surgical method is needed. Taking adequate rest and the prescribed medicines can treat the affected area by reducing pain and inflammation. In severe cases, surgery is needed.
The risks are only related to the surgical procedure, such as infections, nerve, and blood vessel damage, etc.
Tennis elbow can be caused in anyone but it is not a serious issue unless you are a professional athlete. It can be treated by traditional methods.
It takes about 6 to 12 months to heal properly. In case of severe injury, it may take up to 2 years.
- Activities and occupation.