Laparoscopy Procedure Treatment & Diagnostics in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
Laparoscopy is performed to examine the organs present inside the abdomen. This is a minimally invasive and low-risk procedure that requires small incisions. It involves using an instrument known as a laparoscope to get an inside view of the abdominal organs. It is a thin and long tube with a high-resolution camera and a high-intensity light at the front. The doctor makes an incision to insert it in your abdominal wall. This way, your doctor will be able to see inside your body without open surgery and even obtain biopsy samples. Basically, it is a surgery that involves smaller cuts than the traditional open surgical procedures.
There are two types of laparoscopes that can be used for the procedure:
The first one is a telescopic rod lens system that is connected to a video camera. The second one is a digital laparoscope with a miniature digital video at the end of the laparoscope. In the second type, the mechanism improves the image quality.
Here are some signs that you might need a laparoscopy:
- Chronic and severe pain in your pelvis or abdomen
- Feeling a lump in the abdomen
- Are a woman with heavy menstrual periods
- Want surgical form of birth control
- Having trouble getting pregnant (laparoscopy can help in checking conditions like blockages in the fallopian tubes that might be affecting your fertility)
- Having abdominal cancer (laparoscopy can be used for removing some types of cancer)
Laparoscopy can be used for diagnosing several conditions developing inside your pelvis or abdomen. It is also used for carrying out surgical procedures like biopsy (removing a tissue sample for testing), or removing the diseased or damaged organs. It is commonly used in:
- Urology - studying and treating conditions that affect the urinary system
- Gastroenterology - studying and treating conditions that affect the digestive system
- Gynecology - studying and treating conditions that affect the female reproductive system
When to see a doctor
After the laparoscopy procedure, you need to look out for any signs of infections. If you experience any of the following, you should request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals immediately:
- Intense abdominal pain
- Chills or fever
- Bleeding, swelling, redness, or drainage at the site of the incision
- Vomiting or continuous nausea
- Shortness of breath
- Persistent cough
- Inability to urinate
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Pune
Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment
Preparing for a test or procedure
Before the procedure, you have to tell your doctor about any over-the-counter or prescribed medications you are taking. They will let you know whether you should change your dosage or stop taking these medications. Your doctor might also order a chest X-ray, blood tests, electrocardiogram, and urinalysis along with certain imaging tests like CT scan, MRI scan, or ultrasound.
You will also have to stop drinking or eating anything for at least eight hours prior to the procedure. Arrange for someone to take you home after the surgery since you will be drowsy and unable to drive.
Benefits of the laparoscopy procedure
There are a lot of benefits offered by the laparoscopy procedure over the traditional open surgery:
- Smaller scars
- Lower blood loss
- Less pain
- Shorter hospital stay
- Faster recovery
- Reduced risk of infections
While the doctor is examining the organs during the laparoscopy, there is a small risk of damage. If an organ gets punctured, blood and other fluids might leak out into the body. If this happens, you will need another surgery for repairing those damages. Here are some other complications associated with the laparoscopic procedure:
- Formation of a blood clot that might travel to your lungs, pelvis, or legs
- Inflammation of your abdominal wall
- Complications from general anesthesia
You will be administered general anesthesia for the laparoscopic procedure. In some cases, the doctor might use local anesthesia.
The doctor will start the procedure by making an incision under your belly button and inserting a small tube called a cannula. This cannula will use carbon dioxide gas for inflating your abdomen so that the doctor can see the abdominal organs clearly. After this, the laparoscope will be inserted through the incision. The laparoscope’s camera will send images onto a screen so that the doctor is able to see the organs in real-time. The size and number of incisions will depend on the condition you have.
Once the procedure is completed, the doctor will remove the instruments and close the incisions with surgical tape or stitches.
In the case of diagnostic laparoscopy, your doctor will go over your results in a follow-up appointment. In case they find some serious condition, they will discuss treatment options with you.
It depends on you and your surgery. In most cases, you will need to take pain medication for a week and avoid strenuous activities for 4 to 6 weeks. Many people go back to work in two weeks, mainly if their job isn’t physically strenuous.
Yes, in many cases, the doctors perform other surgeries along with laparoscopy.
Yes, laparoscopic surgery is as safe as open surgery. In fact, many might argue that it is safer.