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Male Infertility

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Male Infertility Treatment & Diagnostics in Sadashiv Peth, Pune

Male Infertility

The man’s body is responsible for creating sperms, which are basically tiny cells. These cells or sperms are ejaculated into a woman’s body during intercourse for conception.

Male infertility is a condition where a couple is unable to conceive even after trying frequently because of low sperm production, abnormal functioning of the sperm, or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm.

What Causes Male Infertility?

  • If either of your testicles isn’t functioning the way it is supposed to or production of testosterone or other necessary hormones are not produced properly.
  • Once the sperm is produced, delicate tubes carry them till it gets mixed with the semen. If there is a glitch in this process, it can cause infertility.
  • If the sperm count is low in the semen.
  • The sperm in the semen must function properly and must be able to move.

Medical Causes

  • Swelling of veins that are responsible for draining the testicle
  • Infections
  • Ejaculation problems
  • Antibodies that can attack the sperm
  • Tumour
  • Undescended testicles
  • Hormone imbalances
  • Defect in the sperm transportation system
  • Defects in chromosome
  • Celiac disease
  • Taking certain medicines, such as testosterone replacement therapy
  • Surgeries that hamper the sperm delivery to the semen

Other Causes

  • Drug and alcohol dependency
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Exposure to certain chemicals and heavy metal
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Sitting for long periods of time or wearing extremely tight clothing

When to See a Doctor?

You must consult a doctor if you haven’t been able to conceive even after trying for a year. Some of the other signs to see the doctor includes;

  • Erection or ejaculation issues
  • Low sex drive
  • Issues with sexual functions
  • If you notice any lump of pain in the testicle area
  • If your partner is above the age of 35 when you are trying to conceive

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Pune

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

What are the Symptoms of Male Infertility?

One of the main symptoms is not being able to conceive after trying for a year or more. Other symptoms include;

  • Problems with regular sexual functions, such as maintaining an erection
  • Sex drive is low
  • You notice pain or lump in the testicular area
  • You lose the inability to smell
  • Breast growth that’s abnormal (known as gynecomastia)
  • Facial hair or body hair becomes less due to hormonal imbalance
  • Low sperm count

How to Diagnose Male Infertility?

When you are unable to conceive and visit a doctor, they will conduct a few tests to determine the reason for infertility. To check for male infertility, your doctor might;

  • Do a general physical examination and ask you about your medical history
  • Semen analysis is conducted, where the semen is sent to a laboratory to check for any abnormalities.
  • Scrotal ultrasound - It uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the insides of the scrotal
  • Transrectal ultrasound - A lubricated ultrasound wand is inserted inside the rectum to see the prostrate and check if any blockages are present
  • Hormone testing is conducted to look for any hormonal imbalance
  • Post ejaculation urine analysis is conducted to check for the presence of sperm in the urinate
  • Genetic tests
  • Testicular biopsy

What is the Treatment for Male Infertility?

Some of the treatment options for male infertility are;

  • Surgery - If the diagnosis show varicocele or vas deferens defect, it can be rectified with surgery
  • Antibiotics treatments are given to cure the condition
  • Medication and counseling can improve sexual intercourse problems
  • Hormonal treatment 
  • Assisted reproductive technology can be administered, which is an artificial treatment

In very rare cases, the treatments can fail as the male infertility treatment isn’t a guarantee of the defect is irreversible. However, don’t let it disheartened you as there are several procedures available to help you father a child.



Can smoking hamper sperm?

Yes, smoking can hinder the quality of sperm

Is male infertility common?

Male infertility is as common as female infertility accounting for one-third of infertility cases.

What is a normal sperm count?

The sperm count per milliliter must be between 15-100 million sperm.

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