Gynecomastia Treatment in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
Gynecomastia is a condition where the breast gland tissues in boys and men increases due to a hormonal imbalance. This condition can occur in one or both breasts. Generally, newborns, boys who are going through puberty, and older men get affected by this condition. In most cases, it is not a serious problem, but it can cause pain and can be embarrassing for some.
What are the Symptoms of Gynecomastia?
- Swollen breast tissue
- Breast tenderness
- Nipple discharge in one or both breasts
When to See a Doctor?
If the symptoms are severe, it is important to seek immediate medical intervention. Also, never hesitate, timely medical intervention can help save you from any seriousness.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Pune
all 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment
What Causes Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia is caused by the amount of testosterone decreasing while estrogen increasing. This is caused because of the conditions that can block the flow of testosterone. The most common causes include;
- Natural hormonal changes, for instance, puberty
- Taking certain medications
- Consuming illegal drugs and too much alcohol
- Health problems, such as tumors
How is Gynecomastia Treated?
When you visit your doctor, he will ask you a few questions about your medical and drug usage history to analyze the reason for your condition to offer the right treatment plan. Along with that, your doctor may suggest a few tests, and they are;
- Blood tests
- Computerized tomography (CT) scans
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
- Testicular ultrasounds
- Tissue biopsies
What are the Condition That Cause the Same Symptoms?
Every swelling in the breast is not always gynecomastia. It can be due to other health conditions and they are;
Fatty Breast Tissue: Sometimes, fatty breast tissue can be confused with gynecomastia, however, it can be unrelated and needs further evaluation.
Breast Cancer: Although uncommon, this is not impossible. Men can suffer from breast cancer too.
Breast Abscess: This is the infection of the breast tissue.
How to Treat Gynecomastia?
Generally, this condition gets resolved on its own without any treatment. However, if it is caused due to an underlying condition, treatment may be required, such as hypogonadism, malnutrition or cirrhosis. If your condition is due to the medicines you are taking, your doctor will ask you to stop taking those medicines and prescribe you an alternative for the same. However, if the condition doesn’t improve, treatment may be necessary. Some of the treatment options include;
Medications: Medicines may be used to treat the condition. It includes Tamoxifen or Arimidex.
Surgery: Liposuction or mastectomy may be performed to get rid of the condition.
How to Cope With Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia gets better with time and usually doesn’t require any additional treatment. However, it can be stressful and embarrassing for men. It can also get difficult to hide and can interfere with romantic relationships. Therefore, if you are finding it difficult to cope, make sure you opt for counseling and talk to your friends and family for support.
Are There Any Side-Effects to The Treatment?
If you are going through testosterone replacement therapy then it can include a few side effects. If you are suffering from breast cancer or prostate cancer, testosterone replacement surgery is not for you. Although there are myths that this treatment can lead to prostate cancer, you must talk to your doctor for more information. It can sometimes lead to sleep apnea, cardiovascular problems, and excess red blood cell production.
Always talk to your doctor about any doubts or hesitations you may have. And don’t wait for the condition to pass on its own. Timely medical intervention is always necessary.
No. It is not excess weight but a medical condition and needs proper treatment.
No, it’s not a permanent condition and can be treated. However, it can also be a symptom of an underlying condition. Therefore, you must talk to your doctor if you notice any symptoms.
It can take 6 months to a year.