Best Gallbladder cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
The gallbladder is a small organ below the liver. When a tumor develops inside the gallbladder due to uncontrolled cell growth, then it is called gallbladder cancer.
This type of cancer is rare with less than 1 lakh cases per year but it is treatable under medical guidance. Signs and symptoms of gallbladder cancer
Gallbladder cancer may show no symptoms at an early stage, that is why it gets difficult to diagnose gallbladder cancer until it becomes advanced. The gallbladder cancer also grows easily inside the gallbladder without any major signs or symptoms. The symptoms that may occur are:
- Pain in the abdomen
- Automatic weight loss
- Jaundice may occur (skin gets yellow and eyes become more white in color)
It is important to consult a doctor while experiencing any of the above symptoms
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Pune
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
Causes of gallbladder cancer
The exact causes of gallbladder cancer are unknown and have not been discovered yet. But according to doctors, a genetic change in the gallbladder that is known as mutation causes gallbladder cancer. The mutations lead to the development of abnormal cells in the gallbladder.
The other factors that may cause gallbladder cancer in some cases are:
- Age advancements
- Occurrence of gallstones in the gallbladder
- Lack of nutrient
- Other factors that cause cancer
Risk factors of gallbladder cancer
Some of the common factors that increase the risk of development of gallbladder cancer are:
Gender: according to studies, women have more chances of developing gallbladder cancer than men.
Gallstones: the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder can be a common factor for gallbladder cancer. People who have a history of gallstones or have gallstones in the present are more at risk of developing gallbladder cancer
Other diseases in the gallbladder: other diseases or conditions in the gallbladder can increase the risk of gallbladder cancer, such as infections, inflammation, or polyps.
Treatments of gallbladder cancer There are various treatments for treating gallbladder cancer depending upon the type and stage of cancer. Some of the treatments are:
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a form of therapy that aims at killing the cells that are multiplying and causing cancer. It is a type of drug therapy.
Stenting:stenting is a common treatment for treating gallbladder cancer. Stenting is a surgical method in which stents are inserted inside the vessel. It causes relief in the blockage of the bile duct (it is a duct that carries bile from the liver) and keeps the bile duct fully open.
Cholecystectomy:it is a surgical method in which the whole gallbladder is removed. It can be performed by open surgery or laparoscopically. Cholecystectomy is performed in cases where other treatments fail to provide relief.
Lymphadenectomy:lymphadenectomy is a surgical method where the lymph node or the groups of lymph nodes that contain the cancer are removed.
Radiation therapy: radiation therapy is a form of therapy that uses radiations such as x-rays or other powerful rays to kill the abnormal cells that contain cancer.
Other factors such as lifestyle changes and taking proper nutrients help in preventing and encouraging faster recovery of cancer. It is advised to maintain a healthy diet and eating less quantity of food at more intervals rather than eating large meals 3 times a day.
Radiation therapy is not always part of gallbladder cancer treatment. In some cases, where radiation therapy is used as a treatment, the patient may feel mild skin problems, fatigue, or loose bowel movements after the surgery.
The doctor that treats gallbladder cancer is a cancer surgery specialist known as a surgical oncologist and a liver surgery specialist known as a hepatobiliary surgeon.
In the early stages, there is very little chance that gallbladder cancer may cause pain. But in advanced cases, gallbladder cancer may cause pain in the abdomen that may get worse with time. There are various treatments and medications that help to relieve the pain in the gallbladder.