Jaw Reconstruction Surgery Treatment & Diagnostics in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
Jaw Reconstruction Surgery:
Jaw surgery is performed to readjust or realign the jaw. It is performed by oral or maxillofacial surgeons who work along with orthodontists. This procedure is also termed orthognathic surgery.
What is Jaw Reconstructions surgery?
Jaw Reconstruction Surgery is a renowned method that is used to correct jaw irregularities. Most of the time, problems related to dental and orthodontic treatment can be treated by jaw reconstruction surgery. It is a special way by which we can treat any jaw problems.
When do you need jaw reconstruction surgery?
The various jaw problems that can be treated by jaw reconstruction surgery are as follows:
- If you face difficulty in eating food because of teeth
- If there are open bites
- Nonsymmetric face due to facial injury or birth defects
- Improve the ability of your lips to close properly
- If you have a problem swallowing food
- If you have TMJ ( temporomandibular joint) disorder which is painful
- If you are suffering from correct fit and jaw closure issues
- There is excessive breakdown and wear of your teeth
- Significantly receded or protruded jaws
It is also used for proper care of teeth and jaw so that no problems occur between the two. It includes correction of under-bites and congenital defects.
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How is jaw reconstruction surgery performed?
It is very vital to consult a dentist or an orthodontist or an oral surgeon or restorative dentist before you are planning for jaw reconstruction surgery.
The surgery will mostly happen in the hospital or it can also be performed at the dentist clinic. You will be given anesthesia to avoid pain during the procedure. Your surgeon will make incisions in your jawbones and will move them in the correct position. Screws, wires, tiny bone plates, and rubber bands may be used to secure your jawbones in their new position. The screws used in this procedure become integrated into your bone structure over time. Jaw reconstruction surgery is performed in the upper jaw, lower jaw, or chin, or a combination of these.
As the surgery takes place in the mouth, it doesn't leave behind any scars or marks. After the procedure is finished, your doctor will prescribe some medications for pain relief. Your doctor will provide guidelines and instructions to follow for quicker healing.
What are the techniques used for jaw reconstruction surgery?
When you cut one bone in jaw reconstruction surgery it is known as osteotomy. The medical process that is performed on both the upper and lower jaw is known as maxillary osteotomy or maxillomandibular headway. The surgery can be performed after the process of development has stopped that is, after 13-15 for females and 16-18 for males. The bone plates and the screws are also used for defining the new position of the jaw. In few cases, the patient might also need a bone graft.
What instructions you must follow after the procedure?
Your surgeon will provide instructions that include the following:
- Oral hygiene
- What food to eat and what foods to avoid
- Medications for pain relief
- Avoiding tobacco
- Avoiding strenuous exercises
- When you can return to work
What results can you expect after a jaw reconstruction surgery?
Correcting your teeth alignment using jaw reconstruction surgery will give you the following benefits:
- Improvement in speech
- Improved teeth functions
- The balanced appearance of your face
- Health benefits from improved swallowing, chewing and sleeping
What are the side effects of jaw reconstruction surgery?
There are the following symptoms of side effects a patient may face if he/she goes for a jaw reconstruction surgery:
- There is an infection in the mouth
- Acute loss of blood
- There is a fracture in the jaw
- There is a requirement of root canal treatment on the selected tooth
- More surgeries may also be taken
Periodically surgery would take 1 hour or 2 hours maximum of the time.
it takes around six weeks initially for healing, but complete healing takes up to 12 weeks.
Your orthodontist finishes your teeth alignment with braces after about six weeks. The entire process including surgeries and braces can take up to few years.