PCOS Treatment & Diagnostics in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS is a condition when a woman’s hormone level gets affected and she starts producing male hormones in a larger quantity. Due to PCOS, a woman might experience delays in her periods and also infertility. However, that being said, with proper and timely treatment PCOS can be managed.
What Causes PCOS?
As of now, we still don’t know the exact reason why PCOS occurs. But it is known that women with PCOS start producing large amounts of male hormones, which can prevent the release of eggs.
PCOS can run in families, where several genes are responsible for making it happen.
Most women with PCOS have insulin resistance, where the insulin is not used fully. Obesity can also cause insulin resistance.
What are the Symptoms of PCOS?
Some of the most common symptoms of PCOS include;
- Irregular periods: It occurs because lack of ovulation means that the uterine lining doesn’t get flushed out the way it is supposed to.
- Heavy bleeding: Since the uterine lining keeps building up, when a woman with PCOS has a period, heavy bleeding occurs.
- Too much facial hair growth
- Weight gain
- Male pattern baldness
- Skin darkening or dark patches of skin
How Does PCOS Affect The Body?
Ovulation is a necessary function for pregnancy. For a woman with PCOS, ovulation becomes very uncertain.
Obesity is common among women suffering from PCOS and this can cause high blood sugar, high blood pressure, and low levels of good cholesterol. This can further cause heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
Sleep apnea is a condition where the sleep cycle gets disturbed because the throat starts to relax when asleep, which causes breathing to stop while asleep. This occurs mostly in obese people.
When the uterine lining keeps building up, the chances of endometrial cancer become high.
Depression is also a common condition that’s seen in women suffering from PCOS as unwanted hair growth and the other symptoms affect emotions.
How is PCOS Diagnosed?
When a woman suffers from PCOS, she generally has three main symptoms- High androgen levels, Irregular Menstrual Cycles, and Cysts in the ovaries. When you first visit your doctor, he will take a look at all the symptoms you are going through and talk to you about your medical history. A pelvic exam and blood tests may be conducted. Finally, an ultrasound may also be suggested to check the ovaries and the uterus.
How is PCOS Treated?
Birth Control Pills
Regular intake of birth control pills can help;
- Ensure balanced hormonal levels
- Regulates ovulation
- Combats excess facial hair growth
- Provides protection against endometrial cancer
It is a drug that is helpful in treating type 2 diabetes. In women with PCOS, it helps take care of the insulin levels.
It is a fertility drug that can help women with PCOS who are trying to get pregnant.
Ovarian drilling is a surgical procedure where tiny holes are drilled in the ovaries to restore normal ovulation function.
When to See a Doctor?
You must see a doctor is;
- You are missing your periods
- Notice the symptoms of PCOS
- Trying to achieve pregnancy but are unable to for more than 12 months
- Experience symptoms of diabetes- Thirst, frequent urination, excessive hunger, unexplained weight loss
- If your periods are absent or irregular
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, pune
Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment
Remember, it is not impossible to conceive with PCOS. However, talk to your doctor for the right treatment plan.
Yes, women with PCOS can get pregnant with the help of fertility treatments that are designed to improve ovulation. Losing weight and maintaining an ideal weight can also help.
A low glycemic index diet where you consume fewer carbohydrates and more fruits and veggies can help combat PCOS.
No, by itself it is not dangerous, but the condition associated with PCOS can be. For more, talk to your doctor.