Cyst Treatment in Sadashiv Peth, Pune
Cyst refers to an abnormal growth that may appear on the skin or internally. Cysts are pockets like the formation of membranous tissues filled with air, liquid, or semisolid substance. Cysts are distinct membranes that are separated from the nearby located tissues. The outer portion of the cyst is known as a cyst wall. Cysts are much like blisters which sometimes cause pain and discomfort. Cysts may appear on the skin in the form of a bump or a lump, generally causing pain. They can grow almost anywhere on the skin or under your skin and maybe in varied forms. Cysts vary in size, they can range from microscopic to very large, the large ones often develop a case where they hold the ability to displace an internal organ depending on its location. Most cysts are benign or noncancerous but sometimes they may reach the stage of cancer or precancerous stage. Cysts are generally asymptomatic but when it shows symptoms, those symptoms are related to the organs around which the cysts are located. There may be both medical and surgical treatments. Although most cysts do not require treatment, the ones that do, the treatment depends on several factors such as location, type, and the related symptoms. They are caused due to genetics, infections, and other reasons but they are mostly preventable. Cysts can be diagnosed through X-ray, CT scan, ultrasound, MRI scan, and needle biopsies. Cysts can be of different types, some of them being:
- Epidermoid cyst
- Breast cyst
- Pilonidal cyst
- Sebaceous cyst
- Ovarian cyst
- Baker’s (popliteal) cyst
- Ingrown hair cyst
- Pilar cyst
- Mucous cyst
- Cystic acne
- Branchial cleft cyst
- Pericardial cyst
- Conjunctival cyst
- Perianal cyst
- Pilar cyst
Each type of cyst has its own set of causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Cysts may develop due to different reasons:
- Inherited diseases running in the family lineage
- Infections or parasites
- Injury leading to breakage of vessel
- Defect in the cells
- Fault in an organ which is developing an embryo
- Blockage in ducts
The symptoms may differ according to the type of cyst. There is generally a lump-like formation that can be seen and felt, forming from under the skin. These can be accompanied by pain and discomfort. If cysts are formed internally, they are mostly not accompanied by any symptoms and are diagnosed through X-rays, MRI scans, ultrasounds, and the like.
Treatment of cysts depends on several factors such as type, size, location, and symptoms. Cysts can be treated medically using the following methods:
- corticosteroid injection helps in reducing the inflammation caused by the cysts
- the fluids and other substances making up the cyst can be drained using a needle or a catheter by a doctor
- cysts can be treated surgically if the other medical treatments fail to help
- biopsy of the cyst wall can be recommended if the cyst is found to be cancerous
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When treating cysts at home, do not pop or squeeze the cyst as it may lead to the spreading of infection and worsen the cyst development. A warm compressor in the form of a hot pack or hot pad can be used to ease the pain and discomfort caused by the cyst and it also helps in draining the lump or bump caused, quickening the healing process. Products like aloe vera, castor oil, tea tree oil, and the like can help drain the cyst.
Risk factors of a cyst depend on the underlying issue that caused the cyst. These may be genetic, tumors, infections, and the like.
Mostly, cysts may not be preventable. Although if the cause of the cyst is prevented it may prevent the development of the cyst as well.