Best Anal Abscess Treatment & Diagnostics in Chunni Ganj, Kanpur
An anal abscess is a painful condition that is the result of an infection of the small anal glands. The common symptoms may include pain and irritation in the anal region. The anal abscesses that are formed deep in the tissues are less visible and also less common.
What is Anal Abscess?
Anal Abscess is the condition where a collection of pus develops or fills a cavity in the anus or the rectum. In more than 50% of people who have an anal abscess, they develop a painful complication called anal fistulas. A fistula is an infected tunnel that serves as a connection between the anus and the skin. This occurs when the abscess does not relieve and thus breaks into the surface of the skin.
What Are the Types of Anal Abscesses?
Depending on the location of the abscess, these are classified into two types:
- Perianal Abscess: A superficial infection that develops as a red lump under the skin around the anus. This happens when a bacterium gets trapped in the crypt glands.
- Perirectal Abscess: A severe infection that develops along the tracks of the rectum leading to the pelvis. These are very rare and deeper in the tissues.
What Are the Symptoms of Anal Abscess?
Perianal Abscess symptoms include the following:
- Constant pain while sitting down
- Painful bowel movements
- Leakage of pus
- Itchy or swollen around the anus
- Rashes or redness around the anus
Perirectal abscess symptoms include the following:
- Rectal Bleeding
- Rectal discharge
- Abdominal pain
What Are the Causes of Anal Abscess?
The glands surrounding the anus are infected by bacteria, they get filled with pus. When these pus bursts, they get released into the space surrounding the rectum and the anus. It enlarges the anal abscess causing pain and swelling.
However, the following factors also contribute to the cause of anal abscess:
- Anal fissure: tear in the lining of the anus
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Blocked anal glands
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease
When to See a Doctor at Apollo Spectra, Kanpur?
If the anal abscess has the following symptoms, it is recommended to see the doctor immediately:
- Inability to move the bowels
- Leakage of pus
- High fever or chills
- Significant anal or rectal pain
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra, Kanpur
Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment
How is Anal Abscess Diagnosed?
When there are signs of perianal or perirectal abscesses, it is highly recommended to seek medical attention immediately.
The doctor performs a physical exam to check for significant nodules. He usually examines whether there is swelling, rashes, redness around the anal region. If the results indicate the abscesses, the diagnosis is complete.
However, when there are no visible signs around the anal region, the doctor might order few tests that include the following:
- Urine or blood tests
- CT scan
An instrument called an endoscope is used to look inside the lower rectum or the canal of the anus.
How can Anal Abscess be treated?
An anal abscess is harmful if left untreated. In the early stages of the onset of the abscess, the most common treatment is to seek medical attention so that the doctor can drain the pus. It releases the pressure on the tissue allowing it to heal. In rare cases, fistulas develop after the pus gets drained. Fistula surgery is required to treat the fistulas.
After performing either abscess or fistula surgery, the doctor prescribes antibiotics and medications. However, taking warm baths helps to reduce the swelling or redness surrounding the anus.
In case of larger abscesses that run deeper into the tissues, a catheter is necessary to drain the pus completely.
After the anal abscesses heal, it is unlikely to develop again. However, a delay in the treatment may cause undesired complications or worsen the condition. Adhering to proper hygienic conditions ensures that the condition improves gradually.
- Use condoms during anal sex
- Cleaning the anal regions
- Get treated after unprotected sex to get disinfected by sexually transmitted infections.
After the surgery, people go back to work within a couple of days. However, it takes around 2 to 3 weeks for the abscesses to heal.
It is unlikely for a benign condition such as Perianal Abscess to cause anal cancer.