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Hernia Treatment & Surgery

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Hernia Surgery in Chunni-ganj, Kanpur

The abnormal bulging of a tissue or organ from the cavity in which it normally resides is called Hernia. Persistent pressure along with muscle weakness or an opening in the tissue can cause Hernia.

In some cases, it does not have any symptoms. However, commonly witnessed ones include bulging, swelling and pain, and discomfort in performing regular activities.

What is Hernia?

An organ or tissue can protrude through a muscle or tissue lining under pressure or due to weak muscles. This results in the organ or tissue being bulged out of the pocket. It is commonly caused in the abdomen, between the chest and the waist. Other places include the groin and upper thigh region.

Sometimes Hernia does not have symptoms but can include pain, discomfort, and visible bulge in the infected area. Fortunately, Hernia is treatable through intensive care or surgery.

What are the different types of hernia?

There are various kinds of Hernia. The following are the most common types:

  1. Inguinal hernia: This particular type is one of the most common types wherein the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall, commonly around the inguinal canal located in the groin area.
  2. Umbilical hernia: Umbilical hernia occurs when the intestine pushes through the muscle wall near the navel area. This type is common in children and can disappear on its own when the abdominal muscles get stronger in the children.
  3. Femoral hernia: Femoral Hernia is when the intestine protrudes in the groin or the upper thigh region. This is most common in older women.
  4. Hiatal Hernia: This type of hernia occurs when the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm into the chest area. The diaphragm is a muscle that separates the chest cavity from the stomach and aids in breathing as well.

What are the symptoms of Hernia?

Following are some of the symptoms of Hernia:

  • A visible bulge or protruding skin around the infected area
  • Nausea
  • Fever and chills
  • Pain and discomfort
  • Swelling

Hiatal Hernia can have more peculiar symptoms like chest pain, difficulty swallowing, heartburn, and indigestion.

What causes a hernia?

A hernia is caused due to pressure on the organ or tissue and an opening or weakness in the muscle lining. The pressure pushes the organ through the opening in the muscle, thus causing a bulge. Hernia can occur quickly or over time depending on the muscle weakness as well as the strain put on the organ.

The following can cause strain or muscle weakness, thus resulting in Hernia:

  • Strenuous exercise (especially with the wrong form)
  • Constipation
  • Continuous coughing
  • Injury
  • Pregnancy
  • Being overweight

Notably, the risk of Hernia increases with age, thus making older people more susceptible to it.

When should you see a doctor?

Some cases of Hernia could have serious symptoms leading to life-threatening injuries and should be medically consulted as soon as possible.

A muscle tear or pop during lifting heavy objects or exercising could be a case of Hernia and should be taken care of immediately. A visible bulging in the abdomen area is one of the main indicators and is often accompanied by vomiting, nausea, fever, pain, and discomfort around the infected area.

If Hernia is left untreated, the list of complications will keep growing resulting in greater discomfort and more side effects. Sometimes, the part of the intestine gets stuck in the muscle lining in a way where the blood supply is cut off. The consequences of this could be serious and life-threatening and would require surgery.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kanpur

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

What is the treatment for Hernia?

A hernia does not go away on its own and requires medical attention and treatment. A doctor may diagnose Hernia with the help of a physical exam. Whether surgery is required or not depends on the type and severity of the case.

There are multiple types of surgeries performed by the surgeon like open repair, laparoscopic repair, and robotic repair.

In the case of Hiatal Hernia, some prescription medicines may give relief from the pain and discomfort by treating indigestion and stomach pain.


A hernia is a disease that can have life-threatening complications if not treated on time. Regular check-ups with the doctor can help in reducing the risk. If any signs or symptoms become prevalent, it is advisable to seek medical help as soon as possible.

1. What is the most common type of hernia?

The most common type is an inguinal hernia. It can be present at birth or develop over the years.

2. Do only men get a hernia?

Nearly 80% of cases of hernia are found in men. However, women can also develop hernias. Mostly after birth if the abdominal muscles have weakened in a woman she has a chance of developing a hernia.

3. Do I need surgery for a hernia?

The doctor may recommend watchful waiting to monitor the growth and discomfort of it. But since hernia does not go away on its own, surgery is recommended. Consult your doctor regarding the same.


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