Piles Treatment in Chunni-ganj, Kanpur
Haemorrhoid or piles is a common problem in which veins around the anus or in the lower rectum get swollen. Haemorrhoid can be internal when it develops inside the anus or rectum or external when it is outside the anus. Haemorrhoid causes pain, itching, burning, and difficulty in sitting. But, you do not have to worry as they can be treated.
What are the Types of Haemorrhoids?
The different types of Haemorrhoids are:
Internal Haemorrhoid is inside the rectum and cannot be seen easily. They do not cause pain. Sometimes, straining during stool causes swollen veins to protrude and cause pain and bleeding from the rectum. This is also called protruding or prolapsed Haemorrhoid.
External Haemorrhoid is visible and is present on the skin around your anus. They are more painful and cause more discomfort. You can feel itching and irritation around the anal skin. Thrombosed Haemorrhoid
Sometimes, blood collects around the anal skin and forms a clot. It is called a thrombosed Haemorrhoid. It results in severe pain, swelling, inflammation, and a hard lump around your anus.
What are the Causes of Haemorrhoids?
Important causes of Haemorrhoid are:
- Pregnant women are more prone to Haemorrhoids due to enlargement of the uterus. The enlarged uterus presses on the veins in the colon causing it to swell.
- Chronic constipation is another main cause of Haemorrhoids. Constant straining to pass stool puts pressure on the walls of veins and results in swelling and pain.
- Sitting for long hours can cause Haemorrhoids. People who have a sitting job generally complain of Haemorrhoids.
- Lifting heavy objects constantly can also result in Haemorrhoids.
- Obese people suffer more from Haemorrhoid
- Anal intercourse can cause veins to swell and symptoms may become worse
- Haemorrhoids also run in families and members of the same family may have Haemorrhoids.
- Eating a low fiber diet causes constipation and chronic constipation results in Haemorrhoids.
When to Visit a Doctor?
If you notice bleeding while passing stool or your pain in the rectum does not go away, you should speak to your doctor.
Rectal bleeding is not only due to Haemorrhoids. There may be other reasons for it such as rectal and anal cancer.
Visit a doctor immediately if you have excess rectal bleeding, weakness, and dizziness.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kanpur
Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment
How Haemorrhoid is Diagnosed?
A doctor may visually check to diagnose Haemorrhoids. To confirm, the doctor may perform a different examination.
It is known as digital rectal examination. During the procedure, the doctor inserts a gloved and lubricated finger into the rectum.
Your doctor may recommend other rests such as anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy. These tests include the use of a small camera that helps to diagnose any abnormalities in your anus, rectum, or colon.
Anoscopy helps to see inside your anus. Sigmoidoscopy is done to see the last part of your colon, and colonoscopy is done to see the entire colon.
In these processes, a small fiber-optic camera is fit into a small tube and then inserted into your rectum. With this, the doctor gets a clear view of the inside of your rectum so that he can examine Haemorrhoids closely.
How do Doctors Treat Haemorrhoids?
You should visit a doctor if your symptoms become worse or affect your daily living activities. Also, seek advice if your symptoms do not improve after a week. Your healthcare provider may offer you the following treatment for Haemorrhoid:
Rubber band ligation
A small rubber band is placed around the base of the Haemorrhoid. This cuts off the blood supply to the vein.
In this procedure, an electric current is used to cut off the blood supply to the Haemorrhoid.
A small probe is inserted into the rectum that transmits heat to get rid of Haemorrhoids.
A chemical is injected into the swollen vein that destroys the Haemorrhoid tissue.
Surgical Treatment for Haemorrhoid
It includes the following:
Surgery removes external Haemorrhoid or prolapsed Haemorrhoid
An instrument removes an internal Haemorrhoid or helps to pull a prolapsed internal Haemorrhoid back inside the anus.
A Haemorrhoid is the swelling of veins around the anus or rectum that causes pain, swelling, and inflammation. If the symptoms become severe, you should seek medical advice from a doctor to get the best possible treatment.
The treatment depends on the severity of your problem. Your healthcare provider can suggest the best treatment after proper tests.
Your symptoms can improve as soon as you make changes in your lifestyle and diet. If symptoms become worse after a week, consult with a medical practitioner.
Complications include infection, anal fistula, gangrene, incontinence, and anemia due to excessive blood loss.