Bariatric surgery in Mumbai
For some, losing weight is not a very easy procedure. Despite following exercise regular routine and eating right, for people who are extremely obese, it gets very difficult to lose weight. Bariatric surgery is a name for a number of procedures performed for obesity. Studies show that this surgery can lower the mortality rates in severely obese patients, especially when coupled with a healthy lifestyle.
The main principle of bariatric surgery is to limit the intake of food, in order to reduce food absorption in the stomach and intestines. Our digestion begins when we eat as we chew our food and gets mixed with saliva and other enzymes. This food then travels down into the stomach where it is mixed with digestive juices in order to break down. When this happens, the calories and nutrients get absorbed. As the broken-down food moves towards the small intestine, the digestion becomes faster as it mixes with bile and pancreatic juices.
With the help of bariatric surgery, the digestion process is altered. Post-surgery, the food will not get absorbed and broken down in the traditional manner. And, with the reduction in the number of calories consumed helps the patient lose weight, get rid of obesity and problems related to it.
In this surgery, your doctor will make use of a laparoscopy and makes small incisions in the abdomen. Then the doctor will place adjustable silicone bands in the upper part of your abdomen. Because of this the stomach squeeze due to a silicone band, it becomes an inch-wide pouch. Once the banding is complete, the stomach can hold very little food, about an ounce. The plastic tube attached from the silicone band to a device present under the skin. Saline can be injected and even removed, flowing in and out of the silicone band. The purpose of saline injections is to make the band tighter. And, the main advantage of this is to loosen or tighten the band whenever you need to.
In this procedure, more than almost half your stomach is removed, and that is left behind is a thin vertical sleeve, which is the size of a banana. Since a part of your stomach is removed, it cannot be reversed. This surgery has gained a lot of popularity in recent times as it has higher success rates. This surgery can either be performed after making large incisions or using laparoscopy. People who have gone through this surgery, end up losing almost 50% of their overall weight. The recovery period for this surgery is about 4 to 6 weeks.
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
VBG or Vertical banded gastroplasty is a procedure where a plastic band is placed in the patient’s stomach. After that, the stomach is stapled, making it into a small pouch, just above the band.
Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch (BPD-DS)
This is a two-step procedure. The first step here is the sleeve gastronomy, where, as mentioned earlier, only a part of your stomach remains. But, the food that gets released into the small intestine occurs because of a valve and this valve still remains intact. In the second step, the stomach is connected to the end portion of the intestine, bypassing most of it. It is performed as a single surgery. Usually, this procedure is performed to lose excess weight and curb other problems, which include; heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, serious sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and infertility.
Our bariatric surgeons recommend this surgery only when you haven’t had success losing weight naturally, through exercise and diet.