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Hand Joint (small) Replacement Surgery

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Hand Joint Replacement Surgery in Chembur, Mumbai

While knee and hip replacement surgeries have become some of the most commonly done procedures in orthopedic surgeries, hand joint replacement is also a surgical choice for people suffering from significant joint damage or deformity of the hand.

What is hand joint replacement surgery?

Hand joint replacement surgery is most commonly recommended for patients with severe arthritis-related issues like pain and swelling of the joints. Joint fusion is an alternative for treating these conditions. The procedure is effective for managing the pain but restricts motion of the fused joints. A hand joint replacement is a better choice if you wish to improve the functioning of the hand along with pain relief.

Also referred to as arthroplasty, the damaged joints are surgically removed and replaced with artificial parts in this procedure. The artificial joints are made of silicone rubber or the patient's tissues and tendons. These new parts allow the joints to move without pain and restriction.

Who qualifies for joint replacement surgery?

Not everyone with joint pains and arthritis-related hand problems will need surgery. The following factors influence your surgeon’s decision to operate:

  • The severity of symptoms including pain and functional restrictions
  • Response to other treatments
  • Your lifestyle and daily needs

Typically this surgery is more suited for people who have a less physically demanding lifestyle. Less active people, rheumatoid arthritis patients, and osteoarthritis patients are most qualified for joint replacement surgery.

If you have been suffering from joint pains, surgery may or may not be the solution. Consult an orthopedic doctor to get your condition assessed and discuss your options.

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the possible risks involved in the joint replacement procedure?

Some of the possible risks include:

  • Stiffness or pain in the joints
  • Dislocation of artificial joints
  • Infection
  • Damage to nerves, blood vessels, and cartilage
  • Wear and tear of the implant over time.

What are the benefits of the hand joint replacement procedure?

The most common benefits of the procedure are:

  • Long-term pain relief, with the damaged bones removed.
  • Improvement in hand functioning. Stiffness and restricted mobility will be resolved.
  • Ability to carry out daily activities without pain and discomfort


Surgery is always the last line of treatment. Your doctor will try relieving your symptoms with medication, physical therapy, steroid injections before considering the surgery. If all options are exhausted then surgery can benefit you.

Seek out experienced orthopedic surgeons to help you decide on hand joint replacement surgery. An accurate assessment of the extent of damage is crucial during the pre-op stage. After the surgery, for the best outcome, follow all instructions from your doctor as well as the therapist.




How are hand joint abnormalities diagnosed?

Your orthopedic specialist would conduct physical examinations, evaluate your symptoms and ask for an x-ray to diagnose issues with the hand joint. In some cases, blood tests would also be required for a complete assessment. A replacement surgery will be recommended in case of severe damage or deformity.

What to expect during the recovery period?

Months of physical therapy is often recommended for any joint replacement surgery. You will have to wear a splint for the recovery period to limit movement of the joint. For quick and efficient recovery, you should follow your doctor’s and therapist's instructions. There will be several physical restrictions to not dislocate the prosthesis. Do not miss any follow-up checkups required and call your doctor immediately in case of pain or swelling.

How to prepare for the surgery?

Discuss all your questions and concerns regarding the surgery with your doctor. Inform them about all your medications and allergies. You might have to stop some medications for a temporary period till the surgery. Follow all dietary suggestions from your doctor. Stop smoking before the surgery, even a few days can make a difference. Since you will be wearing a splint during recovery, arrange for help and support around the house. This would let you recover and recuperate comfortably.


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