Prostate Cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in Chembur, Mumbai
Prostate cancer is a disease where a cluster of cells called a tumor is seen in the prostate. Prostate cancer is caused by various factors such as a genetic history of prostate cancer, acquired gene mutations, etc.
Today, there are many treatment options. They include radiation, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, etc. A diet rich in fish and tomatoes is said to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer.
What is Prostate Cancer
The prostate is the gland found under the urinary bladder in men. It is regulated by the hormone testosterone, which is responsible for producing semen.
When the cells in your body start attacking other cells and are out of control, it is called cancer. When a cluster of these cells forms in your prostate, it is called prostate cancer. Research shows that prostate cancer is the second common cancer in men in cities like Delhi, Kolkata, and Pune.
Types of Prostate Cancer
The most common type of cancer found in the prostate are:
- Adenocarcinomas - This is the most common type of prostate cancer. It is formed from the cells responsible for making prostate fluid.
- Sarcomas - It is a rare type of cancer that forms due to the mesenchymal cells that surround the prostate.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Keep a close eye if you experience any of these symptoms of prostate cancer:
- Blood in the urine.
- Frequent urination.
- Pain in the abdomen and back.
- Erectile dysfunction.
- Decreased stream of urine.
When Should You See a Doctor?
If you experience extreme pain in your abdomen, pelvis, upper thighs or back, blood in your urine, discomfort while urinating, it is advisable to visit your doctor.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer
Certain factors make you more vulnerable to developing prostate cancer. They are:
- Smoking - A study shows that smoking increases the risk of developing prostate cancer.
- If you have a family history of prostate cancer.
- If you are 40 years or older.
- If you are obese.
How is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?
The first step in diagnosing prostate cancer is taking your medical history and a general physical examination to understand your overall physical health. For further examination, the doctor might advise the following tests:
- Rectal exam - This involves the doctor inserting a finger in your rectum to check for lumps in your prostate.
- Prostate-Specific Antigen test (PSA)- It is a type of blood test that checks your PSA levels. If your PSA levels are high, it might be an indication of prostate cancer.
- Prostate Biopsy - Your doctor might recommend a biopsy to check for prostate cancer.
- Other tests - Your doctor may ask you to undergo an MRI, CT scan, etc., for further diagnosis.
Prevention of Prostate Cancer
Certain factors, such as age, are beyond your control. However, you can control other factors that may reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer. These include no smoking, consuming a diet rich in fish, tomatoes, and omega 3, and exercising regularly.
In today’s world, there are several treatment options for prostate cancer. With early diagnosis, prostate cancer is treatable. These treatment methods include:
- Prostatectomy - This is a surgical method that involves removing a part of the gland or the entire prostate gland.
- Cryotherapy - In this procedure, general anesthesia is administered. Then a needle is inserted in the rectum through which cold gases are released. These gases help destroy the prostate cells. It is a new method and less invasive.
- Radiation therapy - In this therapy, UV rays are used to destroy the cancer cells in your prostate. It is the most effective cancer therapy.
- Hormone therapy - In this therapy, the level of androgens is decreased to reduce the risk of developing cancer.
Prostate cancer is a disease where a cluster of cells called a tumor is present in the prostate. Prostate cancer is caused by various factors such as a genetic history of prostate cancer, acquired gene mutations, etc.
There are several treatment options. They include radiation therapy, cryotherapy, hormone therapy. A diet high in fish, tomatoes, and exercise reduces the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Treatment options such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy are less painful methods.
Yes. Consuming a diet high in fish and tomatoes and exercising regularly, you may be able to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer.
With early diagnosis and a variety of treatment options, prostate cancer is very much treatable.