Fibroids Treatment & Diagnosis in Chembur, Mumbai
Many women suffer from uterine fibroids throughout their lives with or without any symptoms. Fibroids or uterine polyps are non-cancerous cells (benign) that attach themselves to the uterine wall.
What do you need to know about fibroids?
Even though fibroids or uterine polyps are small-sized and benign, they can still result in heavy bleeding and pain during menstruation. With the increase in the size of the fibroids, you might feel pressure on your bladder or rectum. An early diagnosis by fibroids specialists in Mumbai can help with your treatment.
You can also visit a gynecology hospital near you.
What are the types of fibroids?
Fibroids are classified based on their location, such as:
- Intramural Fibroids – These fibroids grow inside the muscular wall of the uterus.
- Submucosal Fibroids – These fibroids grow inside the myometrium layer of the uterus (where the baby grows during pregnancy) or the uterine cavity.
- Subserosal Fibroids – These fibroids grow outside the uterus and are closely connected to the outside wall of the uterus.
- Pedunculated Fibroids – These fibroids are also located outside the uterus. They are connected to the uterus with the help of a thin stem.
What are the symptoms of fibroids?
Some common signs and symptoms are:
- Menstruation lasting for more than a week
- Heavy menstrual bleeding and cramps
- Difficulty in urination and constipation
- Pelvic pain
- Pain in the back or legs
- Discomfort in the rectum
- Painful sex
- Swelling or enlargement of the abdomen
What causes fibroids?
There are many causes of fibroids in women such as:
- Hormones – Estrogen and progesterone
- Family history and genetic disorders
- Growth factors
- Extracellular matrix
When do you need to see a doctor?
If you feel intense pelvic pain along with overly heavy, prolonged and painful periods, visit fibroids specialists in Chembur. Along with these, unexplained anemia and difficulty in emptying the bladder can result from uterine fibroids.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
How are fibroids diagnosed?
- Blood tests – With the help of a complete blood count (CBC), your doctor can diagnose anemia or other bleeding disorders in your body.
- Ultrasound – An ultrasound device is placed inside your vagina to get images of your uterus.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - It helps get details of the size and location of fibroids in women with a larger uterus.
- Hysterosonography – It uses sterile saline to expand the uterus cavity that helps get the image of submucosal fibroids and the lining of the uterus.
- Hysterosalpingography – This method uses a dye that highlights the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes on X-ray images.
- Hysteroscopy – With the help of a hysteroscope, a doctor injects saline into your uterus to expand the uterine cavity, examine walls of the uterus and open fallopian tubes.
How are fibroids treated?
You can undergo the following treatment depending on the location and size of fibroids:
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists decrease the production of estrogen and progesterone in your body, thereby treating fibroids.
- Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) provides relief from heavy bleeding due to fibroids.
- Myomectomy – This surgery helps in the removal of fibroids without causing any damage to the uterus.
- Hysterectomy – In this surgery, the uterus is completely removed; you can no longer conceive.
- Endometrial ablation – In this treatment, the lining of the uterus is either removed or destroyed by inserting a special instrument into your body.
- Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) – With the help of a gel or plastic particles, blood flow in the fibroids is reduced and thus they decrease in size.
Many women develop fibroids during menopause or even during the reproductive phases of life. Fibroids or non-cancerous cells can be located in your uterus, uterine wall or its surface. This can lead to pain in the abdomen and heavy flow during periods. Acupuncture, yoga and massage can provide you relief from fibroids.
Usually, women have a high risk of fibroids during pregnancy due to hormonal changes in the body. If you are obese, above the age of 30, and have a family history of fibroids, you must consult a gynecologist.
Usually, fibroids are non-cancerous or benign. In rare cases, they can turn into cancer and are termed leiomyosarcoma.
Yes, fibroids can lead to anemia due to increased menstrual flow, hence blood loss. Your doctor might prescribe iron pills to treat anemia.
A high-sugar diet increases the chances of fibroids in women. You must consume fresh green vegetables and food rich in beta-carotene, Vitamin B, C, E and K and fibers to prevent uterine fibroids.