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Jaw Reconstruction Surgery

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Jaw Reconstruction Surgery Treatment & Diagnostics in Chembur, Mumbai

Jaw Reconstruction Surgery

Jaw surgery, commonly called orthognathic surgery, is a surgical procedure that is used to fix the irregularities of the jaw. It is usually used for corrective purposes that cannot be solved by orthodontics alone. To learn more about jaw surgery and its benefits, search for “jaw reconstruction treatment near me”.

What is jaw reconstruction surgery?

Jaw reconstruction surgery is a medical procedure that is used to correct jaw defects and align the bones in your jaw. Usually, you will be asked to wear braces before and after the surgery to aid the process of alignment. For men, this is typically recommended after 17 years of age. Women can undergo this surgery after 14 years of age. 

Which conditions can be treated with jaw reconstruction surgery?

Jaw surgery can greatly benefit you if you are affected by one or more of the following conditions:

  • Problems with biting, chewing and swallowing 
  • Problems with speech
  • Broken teeth problems
  • Open bite
  • Facial asymmetry (small chin, underbite, overbite and crossbite)
  • Problems with closing your lips fully
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder
  • Facial injury
  • Birth defects
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

When should you consult a doctor?

If your jaw is causing physical discomfort and pain due to a defect or injury, speak to a jaw reconstruction surgeon in Mumbai to find out if jaw surgery is needed for your condition. Sometimes jaw surgery will be recommended for other conditions such as sleep apnea and speech problems.

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.

Call1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is jaw surgery carried out?

After your braces align your jaw with the required level before surgery, they will be removed. You will be sedated under general anesthesia and will require a two-day hospital stay. 

In most cases, the incisions are made inside your mouth and hence, will not leave behind any scars on your face. Rarely, you might require cuts outside your jaw. Your surgeon will make cuts in your jawbones and align them accordingly. Rubberbands, screws, tiny bone plates and wires may be required to hold your aligned jaw in place. These screws may get integrated into your jawbones over time. If your doctor is unable to align your jaw with the bones there, extra bones might be taken from your hip or leg.

After you are discharged from the hospital, you will have to follow certain instructions given by your doctor. These usually include medication, diet, oral hygiene, avoiding tobacco, avoiding heavy exercises and rest. Your jaw might take about a year to completely heal. Once your jaw is healed, your doctor will have you wear braces again to correct any misalignments.  

What are the types of jaw surgery?

The types of jaw surgeries are as follows: 

  • Osteotomy: Upper jaw surgery is called maxillary osteotomy and lower jaw surgery is termed mandibular osteotomy.
    • Maxillary osteotomy: This surgery is used to correct receded/protruding upper jaw, crossbite, overbite and midfacial hypoplasia. Your surgeon will cut the bone on top of your teeth. The jaw and upper teeth are moved until they fit properly with your lower teeth. Excess bone is shaved away. Screws and rubber bands are used to hold your jaw in place as your cuts heal.
    • Mandibular osteotomy: This surgery is done to correct a receded or protruding lower jaw. Your surgeon will make incisions behind your molars. Your lower jaw is corrected by moving it forwards or backwards. Screws and bands hold your lower jaw in place as it heals.
  • Genioplasty: A genioplasty or chin surgery is performed to correct a small chin. A small chin usually comes with a severely receded lower jaw. Your surgeon will cut a piece of your chin bone in front of your jaw and secure it in a new position.


While jaw problems do not require immediate medical attention, you can avoid pain and discomfort by opting for jaw surgery. Sometimes, physical therapy is enough to solve your jaw problems. To check if you require jaw surgery, speak to a jaw reconstruction surgeon in Chembur.

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How should you prepare for jaw surgery?

Usually, your surgeon will have you wear braces for 12 to 18 months prior to the surgery to align your teeth accordingly. The braces will help prepare your jaw for an effective surgical procedure.

What are the problems associated with an uneven jaw?

An uneven jaw does not pose any serious risks to your health. However, they can cause problems with:

  • Eating
  • Sleeping
  • Breathing
  • Talking

What is TMJD?

The temporomandibular joint is a joint that connects your lower jaw to your skull. Disorders of this joint are called temporomandibular joint disorders, commonly known as TMJD. They can cause difficulty in moving your jaw, tenderness and facial pain.

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