Urinary Tract Infection(UTI) treatment in Chembur, Mumbai
Urinary tract infection, commonly known as UTI, is an infection in your urinary system. Urinary tract infections include infections in your bladder, ureters, urethra and kidneys. They are very common and mostly affect women. It is easily treatable within a few days. To learn more about urinary tract infections, reach out to a urology doctor in Chembur.
What is UTI?
When bacteria enter your urinary system and begin to multiply, you can develop a UTI. They typically enter through your urethra to reach your bladder and kidneys. While your urinary system is built to keep out such invaders, your defenses can sometimes fail. When that happens, a full-blown infection may occur in your urinary tract.
UTI can be uncomfortable and painful. While it normally affects your bladder and urethra, more serious conditions can spread to your kidneys.
To get treatment, you can visit a urology hospital in Mumbai.
What are the symptoms of UTI?
The symptoms of UTI depend on the infection.
- A strong and persistent urge to urinate
- Pain and a burning sensation when you urinate
- Hematuria (blood in your urine)
- Cloudy urine
- Urine with a bad odor
- Pelvic pain, especially in the center and around the pubic bone
- Acute pyelonephritis (infection of the kidneys):
- Back and/or side pain
- Shaking and chills
- A high fever
- Nausea and vomiting
- Cystitis (infection of the urinary bladder):
- Pelvic pressure
- Pain and discomfort during urination
- Discomfort in your lower abdomen
- Urethritis (infections of the urethra):
- A burning sensation during urination
When do you need to consult a doctor?
If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned, visit a urology hospital in Mumbai immediately. Early diagnosis can help in preventing complications and prolongment of the infection.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What are the causes of UTI?
The causes of urinary tract infections based on the part affected are:
- Cystitis: This type is usually caused by Escherichia coli, a bacteria found in your gastrointestinal tract. However, it can be caused by other bacteria as well. All women have a chance of developing cystitis because of the anatomy. This is because of the short distance from the urethral opening to the bladder and that between the urethra and the anus. Sexual intercourse can sometimes lead to cystitis.
- Urethritis: This type of urinary tract infection can occur when gastrointestinal bacteria spreads from your anus to your urethra. As your urethra is close to your vagina, STDs such as herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea and mycoplasma can lead to urethritis.
- Pyelonephritis: This type of UTI occurs when bacteria enter your urinary tract through your urethra and multiply there. In serious UTIs, the bacteria travel up to your kidneys and cause an infection there. This type of UTI is serious and requires immediate medical attention.
How is UTI treated?
Depending on the severity of your condition, UTIs can be treated in the following ways:
- Mild: Drugs recommended for mild UTIs include Trimethoprim, Fosfomycin, Nitrofurantoin, Cephalexin, Ceftriaxone
- Moderate and frequent: If your UTI is frequent and moderate in severity, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to solve it.
- Severe: If you have a serious UTI, you will be admitted to a hospital where you will receive intravenous antibiotics.
What are the risk factors?
The risk factors for urinary tract infections are:
- Female anatomy: The female urethra is shorter than the male urethra, facilitating the quicker transportation of bacteria into the body.
- Sexual activity: Being sexually active can put you at a higher risk of developing UTIs.
- Certain forms of birth contraception: The use of diaphragms and spermicidal agents for birth control may put you at a higher risk.
- Menopause: After menopause, the decline in estrogen levels causes changes in your urinary tract. This makes you vulnerable to infection.
- Urinary tract abnormalities: If you have urinary tract abnormalities that do not allow normal urination, you have an increased risk of UTIs.
- Obstruction in your urinary tract: If your urinary tract is blocked by kidney stones or an enlarged prostate, you might be at risk of developing UTIs.
- A suppressed immune system: Some conditions and medicines can suppress your immune system. This brings down your body’s defense against UTIs.
- The use of catheter: Using a catheter can make you vulnerable to bacteria that cause UTI.
- A recent urinary procedure
UTIs are not life-threatening and are usually mild. They can be cured within a few days. However, do not take them lightly and allow them to progress to your kidneys, as that can put your body at risk. If you notice any signs of a UTI, seek help from a urology doctor in Chembur immediately.
Mild UTIs usually go away on their own. Moderate to severe infections require treatment with antibiotics.
Certain studies suggest that drinking water frequently can increase the frequency of urination. This can help flush out bacteria quickly and effectively.
- Drink lots of water.
- Empty your bladder fully.
- Use a heating pad for pain relief.
- Avoid caffeine.
- Speak to your doctor and try pain relievers.