Best Allergies Treatment & Diagnostics in Chembur, Mumbai
Allergies occur when the human immune system reacts to different foreign substances. In case of allergies, the immune system makes antibodies that identify allergens as harmful to the body, even if they’re not. General medicine hospitals in Mumbai offer the best treatments for different kinds of allergies.
What do we need to know about allergies?
Allergies occur when your immune system becomes very sensitive to certain substances that define your type of allergy. It is crucial to get your allergy treated. But it is also crucial to understand the different types of allergies.
What are the types of allergies?
- Food allergies
- Medication allergies
- Airborne allergies
- Latex allergies
- Insect sting allergies
What are the symptoms that indicate that you may have allergies?
The most basic symptoms are itchiness, redness and swollenness on your skin that indicate possible allergic reactions. To know more, contact general medicine doctors in Mumbai.
What causes allergies?
Allergies can be caused by:
- Foods like peanuts, wheat, etc.
- Medication allergies
- Pollen, dust mites, etc.
- Latex allergies
- Bee or wasp stings
When do you need to see a doctor?
If you have allergic reactions that don’t seem to subside, contact a doctor or visit a general medicine hospital near you.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
How are allergies diagnosed?
General medicine doctors in Mumbai may ask for some tests:
- Skin Prick Test:
It is a test that determines allergic reactions to more than 51 allergens at once. It is not a painful process, and the patient may feel mild discomfort only. A nurse cleans the test site that is the forearm in adults and the back in children. Minor marks are left on the skin, and a drop of allergen extract is applied next to each mark. Lancets are used to prick the allergen extracts into the skin.
An allergy is detected when there is raised, red and itchy (wheal) skin at the site of the allergen extract. This confirms an allergy to a particular substance, and this bump is noted for further medical action.
If the skin doesn’t react to allergen extracts, histamine, glycerin or saline is applied to the skin. Histamine causes a skin response in most cases, and in case of no reaction to histamine, it confirms that there is no explicit sign of allergy, but you still may have one. There is no skin reaction to glycerin or saline.
- Skin Injection Test:
This test is done to identify allergic reactions to venom, penicillin and insects. Any general medicine hospital in Chembur can perform this test by injecting a small amount of allergic extract into your skin on the arm. The injection site is checked after 15 minutes to record any allergic response.
- Patch Test:
A patch test is ideal for determining delayed allergic reactions. It doesn’t use needles but uses patches to insert 20-30 allergens into the skin. Irritated skin at the patch site after 48 hours may indicate an allergy. Any general medicine hospital in Mumbai will perform this test to check the possibility of delayed allergic reactions to any allergen extracts.
What are the complications?
- Sinusitis or infections in ears and lungs: Patients suffering from hay fever or asthma have high chances of contracting sinusitis or lung and ear infections.
- Anaphylaxis: Persons with multiple allergies may experience anaphylaxis. Its primary triggers include insect stings, foods, medications, etc.
- Asthma: It is an immune response to an allergy that blocks airways and the breathing process.
How are allergies treated?
Your doctor may suggest different medications. Depending on the type of allergies, you may be prescribed medicines, immunotherapy and allergen avoidance. Many persons suffering from allergies are asked to carry emergency epinephrine shots at all times.
Allergies can be severe and require urgent medical attention. There are different types of allergies that can be treated with the help of different general medicine doctors.
Different types of skin tests help establish whether you’ve an allergy or not.
Different medical conditions aggravate allergic reactions. Thus, there is a requirement for treatment.
You may go for any recommended tests to ensure that your medical condition doesn’t worsen. Once you’re tested for allergy, the best preventive measure is to stay away from the allergen causing it.