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Abnormal Menstruations

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Best Abnormal Menstruations Treatment & Diagnostics in Chembur, Mumbai

Menstruation or menstrual cycle is the vaginal bleeding in women as the body prepares itself every month for pregnancy. In the absence of pregnancy, the lining of blood vessels in the uterus sheds off leading to bleeding. 

What do we need to know about abnormal menstruations?

The menstrual cycle occurs every 28 days in women, lasting 4-7 days. As a result of many hormonal changes or lifestyle disorders, many women suffer from abnormal menstruations. This results in several bodily changes, pain and prolonged menstruation. The condition, when menstruation is excessively prolonged, heavy or irregular, is termed menorrhagia.

To seek treatment, you can consult a gynecology doctor near you or visit a gynecology hospital near you. 

What are the symptoms of abnormal menstruations?

There are many symptoms related to abnormal menstruations in women like:

  1. Menstruation lasting for more than 7 days
  2. Heavy bleeding
  3. Blood clot of size more than 2.5 cm in menstrual flow
  4. No menstruation for more than 90 days even without pregnancy
  5. Severe pain, cramp, nausea and vomiting
  6. Bleeding in between two menstrual cycles, after menopause or following sex

What causes abnormal menstruations? 

Sometimes gain or loss of a significant amount of weight and hormonal imbalance can increase the chances of abnormal menstruation. Other reasons for the same could be:

  1. Uterine polyps or fibroids – This means non-cancerous growth in the lining of the uterus. 
  2. Endometriosis – It results when the endometrial tissue that lines the uterus starts growing outside the uterus and might get attached to the ovaries or fallopian tubes.
  3. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) – It is a bacterial infection affecting the female reproductive system. PID shows symptoms like vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, fever, nausea, diarrhea, etc. 
  4. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – In PCOS, several small, fluid-filled sacs or cysts develop in the ovaries. 
  5. Premature Ovarian Insufficiency – Under this condition, even during the reproductive phase of life, ovaries don’t function in some women. This results in abnormal menstruation or sometimes early menopause.
  6. Lack of ovulation or anovulation can result in a low amount of progesterone in the female body, and hence, there is heavy flow during menstruation.
  7. Adenomyosis – This condition results from embedding of glands of uterine lining into uterine muscles, and thus leading to heavy bleeding. 
  8. Birth control pills 
  9. Consumption of anticoagulants or anti-inflammatory drugs
  10. Cervical cancer or uterine cancer
  11. Disorders related to the thyroid gland or pituitary gland
  12. Miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you suffer from severe pain during menstruation or between menstruation along with unusually heavy bleeding, high fever, foul vaginal discharge, nausea, and vomiting, you must visit your doctor. 

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How are abnormal menstruations diagnosed?

There are multiple ways to diagnose abnormal menstruations in women like:

  1. Blood test – It helps to check anemia, blood clots and thyroid-related problems.
  2. Pap smear – It is useful to diagnose the presence of infection or cancerous cells in your cervix.
  3. Pelvic Ultrasound – It examines the presence of uterine fibroids or cysts in ovaries.
  4. Sonohysterogram – This procedure helps produce the image of your uterine cavity and checks for the presence of fibroids. 
  5. Endometrial biopsy – This biopsy helps in the diagnosis of endometriosis, cancerous cells and hormonal imbalance by removing some tissues from the uterus. 

How are abnormal menstruations treated?

In some women, risks related to abnormal menstruations can be reduced by treatments that initially focus on the regulation of menstruation. Some of those treatments include:

  1. Supplementing hormones like estrogen and progesterone can create hormonal balance in your body, and control heavy bleeding. 
  2. Your doctor can prescribe you pain relievers like ibuprofen to lessen the cramps.
  3. Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove fibroids.
  4. Anemia can be cured with iron-containing medications.
  5. Dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure dilates your cervix and tissues from the lining of the uterus are scraped. 
  6. In women with a risk of uterine cancer, a hysterectomy is performed leading to surgical removal of the uterus and the cervix.
  7. Endometrial ablation and endometrial resection are the procedures to destroy and remove the uterine lining respectively.  


Many women suffer from abnormal menstruation and don’t get themselves diagnosed on time. During the initial years of puberty, it doesn’t lead to complications, but if this continues during reproductive years, proper treatment is imperative.






What are the risks associated with abnormal menstruation?

These include headaches, anemia, severe painful cramps, dizziness, shortness of breath and rapid heart rate.

How can I reduce the risk of abnormal menstruation?

If you lead a healthy lifestyle by limiting calorie intake, going for a balanced diet and consuming only prescribed contraceptive pills, you can reduce the risk of abnormal menstruation to a good extent.

What do you mean by amenorrhea?

It is a condition in which menstruation stops completely in the reproductive phase, even during the absence of pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause.

When should I start worrying about irregular periods?

If your menstrual cycle is taking more than 35 days or less than 21 days every month and you are under 45, then you must visit a gynecologist.


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