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Pelvic Floor

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Pelvic Floor Treatment & Diagnostics in Chembur, Mumbai

Pelvic Floor

A pelvic floor comprises a group of muscles and ligaments located in your pelvic region. The pelvic floor is a kind of support system to keep your pelvic organs, which include the bladder, rectum and uterus, intact. 

What do we need to know about the pelvic floor?

The pelvic floor helps in controlling urination, bowel movement, breathing, sexual function and pregnancy. If you lose the ability to control your pelvic floor, then it results in pelvic floor dysfunction. As a result of pelvic floor dysfunction, your muscles always contract, and not relax. Due to this, you might suffer from long-term colon damage.

To know more, you can search online for a urology doctor near me or a urology hospital near me.

What are the symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction?

If you are suffering from a prolapse due to the weakening of pelvic floor muscles, your body will show some symptoms such as:

  1. Pain and pressure in the pelvic region, genitals or rectum
  2. Bulge or lump in the vagina
  3. Pain and discomfort during sex
  4. Frequent urge to urinate and painful urination
  5. Strain in bowel movement or constipation
  6. Urine and stool incontinence
  7. Abdominal pain

What causes pelvic floor dysfunction?

Many factors result in pelvic floor dysfunction, such as:

  1. Pregnancy
  2. Overuse of pelvic muscles can lead to poor muscle coordination
  3. Pelvic surgery
  4. A traumatic injury like a car accident
  5. Aging and menopause
  6. Obesity
  7. Nerve damage
  8. Family history
  9. Increased abdominal pressure

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you have constantly been suffering from painful bowel movements and constipation with abdominal pain, you must visit a urologist near you. The urology specialist will suggest some blood tests and an examination of your pelvic floor to diagnose the reason for the recurring pain.

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is pelvic floor dysfunction diagnosed?

Initially, a urologist diagnoses pelvic floor dysfunction by physical examination of muscle spasms or knots, along with muscle weakness. Other methods to diagnose pelvic floor dysfunction are:

  1. Surface electrodes - With the help of electrodes, the region between the vagina and the anus is studied.
  2. Anorectal manometry – This test helps test pressure, muscle strength and coordination in the anal sphincters.
  3. Defecating proctogram – This test uses X-ray for recording the movement of your muscles while pushing liquid out of the rectum.
  4. Perineometer – It is a small sensing device placed in your rectum or vagina to check pelvic muscle control and contractions.  

How is pelvic floor dysfunction treated?

There are many ways in which your urologists and physiotherapists can help in treating pelvic floor dysfunction easily. Some of those treatments are:

  1. Biofeedback – This is the most common treatment used by physiotherapists to monitor your pelvic floor muscles. With the help of special sensors and videos, they examine your pelvic floor muscles while you try to contract and relax them. Based on the feedback, you will be advised to work on muscle coordination.
  2. Physical therapy – This is done along with biofeedback to improve muscle coordination by determining tight muscles in your back, pelvic floor and pelvis.
  3. Medicines – Your urologist will suggest some medicines to prevent your muscles from contracting and thus preventing symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction.
  4. Surgery – If you are suffering from rectal prolapse (rectal tissue falls into the anal opening), then the surgery will help relax the pelvic organs.  


Pelvic floor dysfunction not only leads to physical pain, but is also associated with psychological, sexual and stressful conditions in your body. Early and proper treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction helps in treating constipation, painful bowel movement and urination. You should not feel ashamed or hesitant while visiting a doctor, since the problem can worsen if left untreated. You must consume plenty of water and food rich in fibers. 






Is pregnancy a major cause leading to pelvic floor dysfunction?

Yes, pregnancy is the most common reason for pelvic function dysfunction. It happens when your labor is long and difficult, thus resulting in strain on pelvic floor muscles and tissues.

How does it feel if my pelvic floor is weak?

In case of a weak pelvic floor, you might suffer from urine leakage during coughing, sneezing or running. Along with this, passing of wind from the anus or vagina while bending over or lifting.

Can I strengthen my pelvic floor by walking?

Yes, by walking regularly and exercising the weak muscles, you can strengthen your pelvic floor.

What are the exercises that I must avoid to keep my pelvic floor healthy?

To prevent pelvic floor dysfunction, you must avoid exercises like sit-ups, crunches and planks.

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