Rheumatoid arthritis Treatment & Diagnostics in Chembur, Mumbai
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune illness that affects the joints, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect anyone at any age, though it is more common among middle-aged women. Rheumatoid arthritis can cause irreversible damage to the bones around the joints if not treated promptly, resulting in pain, deformity, and loss of function. It can also harm other organs if left untreated. While there is no permanent cure, we are lucky to have the best orthopedic treatment in Chembur, Mumbai. Rheumatologists provide the best possible care to individuals with rheumatoid arthritis.
What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory illness that affects a wide range of joints, including the hands and feet, and is an ongoing process of arthritis. RA hampers both sides of the body, which differentiates it from other types of arthritis. Besides the joints, RA can affect other parts of the body, such as the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, blood, nerves, and kidneys. RA is an autoimmune condition in which a patient's immune system (the body's infection-fighting mechanism) attacks itself. Women are 2.5 times as likely as males to have it. Rheumatoid arthritis is most common in people aged 20 to 50, but it can also strike young children and the elderly.
What Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis?
The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. However, we believe the reasons are a combination of the following factors:
- Genetics (heredity)
- Abnormal immunity system or power
- The environment or ecosystems
- Hormones and hormonal changes,
The immune system defends the body against infection. Something activates the immune system to attack the joints in persons with rheumatoid arthritis, which could be infections, cigarette smoking, physical or emotional stress, excess use of alcohol, are factors. Gender, heredity, and genes all play a role in a person's likelihood of having rheumatoid arthritis. Women, for example, are approximately three times as likely as men to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
What Are the Different Types of Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Identifying the type of RA you have will help you and your doctor decide on a treatment plan.
- Seropositive RA: If your blood tests positive for the rheumatoid protein factor (RF). It shows that your body is actively creating an immune response against normal tissues. If your parents or siblings have RF, your chances of having RA are four times higher.
- Seronegative RA occurs when a person tests negative for RF and anti-CCP in their blood yet still has RA. Those who test positive have a milder form of RA than those who test negative.
- Juvenile RA (juvenile idiopathic arthritis): The most frequent type of arthritis in children under 17 is juvenile RA.
What Are the Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis?
The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include:
- Joint pain along with inflammation and swelling
- Joint stiffness, especially in the mornings or after lengthy durations of sitting
- Excessive fatigue and excessive sleepiness
- Abnormalities and loss of joint function
Rheumatoid arthritis affects each person differently. In most people, joint symptoms may progress over several years. In other people, rheumatoid arthritis may bolt. A few people may have rheumatoid arthritis for a short time before going into relapses (a time with no symptoms). We know all about cartilage, and they work as a shock absorber in between the joints. Severe inflammation causes the destruction and wearing down of the cartilage, which joints deformities. However, some specific cells and chemicals of the immune system work in the joints, get circulated, and cause a few symptoms throughout the body, which aid this process. The intensity of the symptoms might range from minor to severe.
When to Meet the Doctor for Rheumatoid Arthritis?
If you have any possible rheumatoid arthritis symptoms, please contact your doctor right once.
- If one or more joints get inflamed or stiff.
- If you have reddened or warm-to-the-touch joints.
- If you have any concerns about joint soreness or stiffness,
- if you have trouble moving a joint or doing daily tasks
- If you’re concerned about your joint discomfort,
- If you have joint pain that lasts three days or longer.
If you experience persistent joint pain or swelling that does not improve and if left untreated, RA can lead to irreversible joint degeneration and physical limitations
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
How Rheumatologists Diagnose RA?
Your doctor will treat your symptoms as a basis to diagnose RA. He may go for a physical examination and the results of x-rays, scans, and blood tests. It is tricky and tough to analyze because there isn't a test that can prove you have it. Your doctor will monitor for swollen joints and check how well your joints move. If your doctor thinks you have rheumatoid arthritis, he will refer you to a pathologist and arrange blood tests to help confirm a diagnosis.
The pathologist will perform the following blood tests.
- Blood tests
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
- C-reactive protein (CRP)
- Full blood count
- Rheumatoid factor or RA factor, and anti-CCP antibodies
- Scans include x-rays—these will show any changes in your joints, ultrasound scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans–pictures of your joints producing using strong magnetic fields and radio waves.
Which Is the Best Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- The early start of treatment, the more likely it is to work.
- There are three principal ways to treat rheumatoid arthritis,
- Physical therapies
There is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis. However, a growing number of medications are effective in treating RA; it reduces patient symptoms and bone abnormalities.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chembur, Mumbai,
Call 1860 500 1066 to book an appointment.
Chronic rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect anyone at any age, but it is more frequent in women in their forties and fifties. There are three types of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis has no known cure. Rheumatoid arthritis is most frequent in people between the ages of 20 and 50, but it can also affect youngsters and the elderly.
Natural, Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish like cod, are among the most potent anti-inflammatory supplements available. These supplements may aid in the treatment of a variety of inflammatory conditions, including vascular inflammation.
Patients who carry the HLA-DR4 gene are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
We divide the immune system into two parts: the innate (born with) immune system and the adaptive (developed over time) immune system. The natural immune system's cells assault foreign invaders and release poisonous chemicals to kill them. It also sends out other signals to enlist the help of other inflammatory cells.
Our immune system is a complex network of cells that guards us against infectious diseases while also keeping an eye out for damage to our cells. The system occasionally goes haywire and misinterprets signals. As a result, our immune system loses its ability to distinguish its own body and begins to "fight" it. Autoimmune (self-immune) diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, result from inflammation of the joints.