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Urology is the brand of medicine that deals with the female and male urinary tract. It mainly concentrates on treating diseases related to the urethra, bladder, uterus, kidneys, etc in both males and females and testes, scrotum, penis, etc in men.

Who is a urologist?

Our urinary system collects and removes urine from the body. Urologists are specialized doctors who treat urinary tract diseases in males and females. They also treat the men's reproductive system. They sometimes perform surgery and help in relieving symptoms related to kidney stones, prostate cancer, etc.

What does a urologist treat?

Urologists treat all the organs related to the urinary tract system. This includes-

  • Urethra- a narrow tube through which urine travels outside the body.
  • Kidneys- they help in filtering the waste out from the blood and produce urine.
  • Urinary bladder- it is a sac-like structure that holds urine.
  • Ureter-thin tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder.

They also treat the male reproductive system. 
Some of the common diseases covered by them are-

  • Kidney diseases and kidney stones
  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
  • Infertility in men
  • Cancer in bladder, kidney, and glands
  • Interstitial cystitis 
  • Erectile dysfunction 
  • Overactive bladder
  • Bladder prolapse

When should you visit a Urologist?

You must visit a urologist if you have the following symptoms-

  • Blood in urine
  • Pain in bladder 
  • Irritation and pain while urinating
  • Weak urine flow
  • Pain in legs, back and pelvis
  • Inability to clear your bladder

Men might also experience these symptoms-

  • Lumps in the testicles
  • Trouble in erection
  • And many more

Some of the common reasons that can cause these symptoms are-

  • Diabetes 
  • Infection 
  • Unhealthy lifestyle 
  • Injuries
  • Weak sphincter muscles 
  • Pregnancy 
  • Constipation 

If you have any of these symptoms you must visit a urologist near you. The Apollo Spectra Hospital, Chembur has experienced urologists. You can easily book an appointment with them on Call 1860 500 2244

What are the diagnoses for urology issues?

After going through your symptoms, the urologist may ask you to undergo a few diagnostic tests like-

  • CT scan 
  • MRI
  • Xray
  • Blood test
  • Urine sample test
  • Urodynamic testing to check the pressure in your bladder
  • In a prostate biopsy, a small tissue sample is taken from the prostate and is tested in the lab for cancer
  • Cystoscopy
  • Ureteroscopy
  • Post-void residual urine test to check the speed of urine leaving your body during urination. 

The diagnostic tests vary on the intensity of the disease.

What is the treatment for urology issues?

The treatment of the disorder depends on the severity. Some of the treatment options are-

  • Medicines- it is advised by the doctor to reduce pain, swelling and treat the disease
  • Behaviour training- this includes exercises to strengthen your pelvic region and bladder
  • Surgeries- it is usually the last preferred option by doctors. Some of the common procedures are- vasectomy, nephrectomy, etc. 

Summing up-

Urologists help in treating various urinary system disorders. It is important to diagnose the disease to find the right treatment for it. Visit the urology hospital near you and get your treatment. 

What precautionary measures can I follow to avoid diseases in the urinary tract?

Here are a few tips that will help you to prevent the risk of urinary tract disease-

  • Quit smoking 
  • Follow a healthy lifestyle 
  • Increase your water intake
  • Maintain a healthy weight 
  • Limit your caffeine intake 
  • Avoid eating excessive salt and sugar
  • Strengthen your pelvic muscles 
  • Clean your genitals
  • Maintain hygiene 
  • Avoid urinating in public places and dirty areas

Can small children get urology issues?

Small children, especially small girls, are prone to urinary tract infections. It is easily curable but you must follow a few precautions so that the condition doesn’t arise again.

What is an overactive bladder?

Overactive bladder means frequent urge to urinate and it cannot be controlled. Sometimes it can cause an unintentional release of urine during the day or night. You can manage an overactive bladder by following a few lifestyle changes and medicines. Overactive bladder is usually the symptom of a serious disorder.

What are kidney stones?

Stones are small and hard deposits in the kidney. These stones are formed when there are crystals in urines. The kidney stones are irritable and can block the flow of urine. They are painful and if left untreated for a long time they can cause serious complications. Sometimes many small kidneys get cured using medicines and are passed out from urine, whereas large stones are operated on. One of the most common treatments for kidney stones is Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). In this process, the large stones are broken down into smaller pieces using sound waves.

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