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An ENT doctor is a specialist who deals with problems affecting your ear, nose, and throat. These problems can be mild or severe. 

ENT doctors can deal with many issues like chronic throat issues, hearing loss, and lumps in the throat. 

Who Is an ENT Doctor? 

ENT doctors need to complete medical school, after which they undertake a 5-year residency program. 

Some ENT doctors may specialize in one of the following as well: 

  • Neurology 
  • Cosmetic Surgery
  • Sinus problems 
  • Reconstructive Surgery
  • Cancers in the head and neck region
  • Allergy
  • Laryngology, the treatment of injuries and diseases in the larynx and vocal cords 
  • Pediatrics

When to See a Doctor

You may consult an ENT doctor if you are facing any of the following problems: 

  • Tonsillitis
    Tonsilitis is the inflammation of the throat due to bacterial infection. It is more common in children. 
    It can have many symptoms like sore throat, swelling in the tonsils, fever, and issues in swallowing. If you experience a recurring sore throat or other symptoms, an ENT doctor may suggest surgery. 
  • Hearing Loss 
    Hearing loss can occur in one or both ears. It can be mild, moderate, or severe. The symptoms may include ringing in the ears, not understanding daily conversation clearly, or asking others to repeat things. 
    It can be of three types, and there are a few treatment options for it as well. The doctor may suggest a hearing aid, cochlear implants, or earwax removal. 
  • Ear Infection
    These infections happen when the eustachian tubes swell up and cause fluid to fill in the middle ear. People from ear infections may experience pain in the ear, pus-like fluid, hearing loss, or pressure in the ear. 
    Mild infections can go away with the help of drops and medicines. But if the problem is a recurring one, the doctor may suggest surgery to place tubes in the ear to drain out fluids. 
  • Allergies
    ENT allergies are common and have several symptoms. It depends on the reaction of your body to differing environmental conditions. Some substances which may not harm most people can trigger allergic reactions in some.  
    Some symptoms of allergies are runny nose, constant sneezing, frequent ear infections, and fatigue. The doctor may suggest the use of nasal sprays, oral antihistamines, and decongestants. 
  • Sinus Infection
    Sinus infection is the swelling in the tissues lining the sinuses. Common cold, nasal polyps, a deviated septum can be some causes of this condition. The infection can be acute, chronic, or recurrent. 
    Symptoms include a stuffy nose, runny nose, pain under the eyes, fever, fatigue, and bad breath. It usually goes away with the help of medications, warm compresses, and drops. 
  • Head and Neck Cancer
    Cancers that affect the pharynx, larynx, salivary glands, nasal and oral cavities fall under this category. The causes of this kind of cancer can be due to the intake of certain food items and poor oral hygiene. 
    The symptoms can be pain while swallowing, pain in the face, red patches on the gum, and trouble hearing. The doctor may suggest chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation therapy. 
  • Gastric Reflux
    It is perhaps the most common disorder that ENT doctors treat. In this, some of the acid content of the stomach comes up through the esophagus. People who are obese, smoke, and exercise irregularly can be at risk of getting it.
    Caffeine, alcohol, a diet low in fiber, a high salt intake, and consuming acidic juices can also lead to acid reflux. The doctor may suggest H2 blockers, PPIs, antacids, and alginate drugs like Gaviscon. 
    Some lifestyle changes can also prove beneficial, like regular exercise, wearing loose clothes, avoiding smoking, losing weight if you are obese, and improving posture. 

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ENT doctors can treat several problems relating to the ears, nose, or throat. If you think you are suffering from any significant issues, it is best to consult a doctor. 

It is essential to remember that home remedies can be dangerous, and you should only consider them after you consult an ENT about them. 

Do ENT doctors perform surgery?

Yes, ENT doctors can treat ENT problems, and they can perform surgery as well.

What is voice therapy?

It helps people reduce hoarseness in their voices through a guided change in lifestyle and vocal behaviors.

What kind of tests do ENT doctors do?

Complete ENT tests include inspection of the ears, nose, throat, and neck. They also perform screening tests to diagnose issues.

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