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Orthopaedics is an area of medicine that deals with the care of the body's muscles and bones. In addition to muscles and bones, there are joints, tendons and ligaments too. An orthopedist is a doctor who specializes in orthopaedics.  

Orthopaedists are classified into the following categories according to their specialization: 

  1. Foot and ankle 
  2. Joint replacement 
  3. Hand extremity 
  4. Musculoskeletal cancer 
  5. Sports medicine 
  6. Spine surgery 

To know more, consult an ortho doctor near you or visit an ortho hospital in Tardeo.

What are the symptoms of orthopaedic conditions?

Major symptoms of orthopaedic diseases that manifest themselves in daily life include the following: 

  • Muscle and joint aches 
  • Muscle pain
  • Muscle numbness
  • Muscle rigidity
  • Restrictions on joint movement
  • Irritation or pain in joints, muscles and tendons 
  • Bone sticking through the skin 
  • Severe pain

What are the causes of orthopaedic conditions?

Orthopaedic diseases can have a variety of causes. They can be caused by environmental factors, hereditary factors, age, obesity, arthritis, osteoporosis, a decrease in calcium levels in the body, and other factors that can affect the regular functioning of joints, bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Injury to the bones and muscles can be a factor as well. Sometimes there are no obvious indicators of bone deterioration due to factors such as radiation exposure, chronic disorders, and so on. Indeed, the causes and symptoms can differ from person to person. Orthopaedic issues can harm one's mental and physical well-being.

When do you need to see a doctor? 

Pain has a direct impact on your daily activities. Symptoms that directly or indirectly damage the musculoskeletal system indicate that you should see an orthopaedist as soon as possible. Conditions include bone pain, fractures, dislocations, swelling, ligament tears, tendon tears, ankle and foot deformities, hand infection, frozen shoulder, knee pain, fractures, and disk pain or dislocation.

If you observe any indications of infection, inflammation or pain in your joints, muscles or ligaments, consult your doctor. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the risk factors for orthopaedic diseases? 

The general risk factors are:

  • Aging
  • Being overweight puts an additional strain on bones, joints, and joint structures 
  • Having a long-term illness, such as diabetes
  • Participating in sports or other intense physical activities
  • Smoking
  • Incorrect lifting techniques and body mechanics

How are orthopaedic diseases treated?

  • Surgery or non-surgical treatment options are available. Both therapies are based on the intensity of a patient's symptomatology.
  • Orthopaedic problems can be treated surgically in the following ways:
  • Arthroplasty, the surgery used to treat joint issues
  • Other surgeries to heal serious injuries, including fracture repair surgeries as well as grafting of bone 
  • Treatment for spine-related disorders through surgery 

Orthopaedic non-surgical treatments include:

  • If the symptoms are modest, medications can help relieve discomfort or inflammation
  • In order to achieve better results, therapy or rehabilitation may also be recommended after orthopedic surgery 

For further information related to surgery, consult an orthopedic surgeon at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai

by calling 1860 500 2244


Specialists in orthopedics treat musculoskeletal injuries that may have occurred at birth or as a result of prolonged exercise or during an accident. There are both surgical and non-surgical approaches to treating orthopaedic disorders. Recovery depends on early discovery and prompt treatment. 

In what ways might orthopaedic illnesses lead to complications?

Numerous orthopaedic diseases can cause incapacity and persistent issues if they are not treated properly and adequately recovered. Consult your doctor before taking any treatment. Ask your doctor about possible issues and how you can prevent or manage them together.

What diagnostic tests are utilized to identify orthopaedic problems?

A2- Orthopaedists always recommend testing based on the severity of complaints. The following tests are performed:

  • X-Ray
  • MRI examination
  • Biopsy of bone marrow
  • Skeletal scintigraphy (the study of bones in the human body)
  • Electromyography
  • Biopsy of muscles

When will the discomfort go away after surgery?

It depends on the surgery. Over time, the discomfort tends to wax and wane. It may not totally go away, but it does feel considerably better at times. Pain from an accident usually subsides after a few days, but if you have a sore joint, you may be unable to conduct certain activities. It is preferable to relax and gradually increase activity levels over time, so that bone movement returns to normal.

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