Cyst Treatment in Tardeo, Mumbai
Ovarian cysts are fluid sacs formed in or on the ovaries. Ovarian cysts are common in women, especially during the pre-menopausal period. Most of them are benign and a very rare percentage of cysts are cancerous. Usually, cysts do not cause pain and disappear without treatment. Cysts become a problem and should be treated if they burst or become erratic.
For diagnosis, you can visit any of the gynecology clinics in Mumbai. Alternatively, you can also search online for a gynecologist near me.
What do you need to know about ovarian cysts?
Ovarian cysts occur when fluid accumulates inside a sac in the ovaries. Ovaries’ role is to produce hormones and eggs that mature and are released in monthly cycles. A cyst may develop in one of the ovaries or in both.
What are the types of ovarian cysts?
There are different types of ovarian cysts like functional, dermoid, cystadenomas and endometriomas. Functional cysts are common and they occur as a part of your menstrual cycle. Functional cysts are of two types: follicular and corpus luteum cysts.
Some women develop the polycystic ovarian syndrome, in which the ovaries enlarge due to a large number of cysts. If left untreated, polycystic ovary syndrome leads to infertility.
What are the causes of ovarian cysts?
During a woman's menstrual cycle, the ovaries release an egg that grows inside a follicle. The cyst develops in the following cases:
Follicular cyst: When the follicle does not rupture or burst to release an egg, it develops into a cyst.
Corpus luteum cyst: After the follicle releases an egg, it usually closes the follicle's opening. If fluid accumulates in the follicle during this process, a corpus luteum cyst develops.
What are the symptoms of an ovarian cyst?
Most cysts do not exhibit any symptoms unless they grow larger, rupture, cause ovarian torsion or block the blood supply to the ovaries. In these cases, you may have the following symptoms:
- Pain in the pelvic area
- Irregular periods
- Bloating in the abdomen
- Nausea, vomiting and dizziness
- Painful bowel movements
When do you need to consult a doctor?
Some of the cysts need medical treatment to control the growth. Visit a doctor if you have severe abdominal or pelvic pain, fever and vomiting, rapid breathing and weakness.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to make an appointment.
What are the risk factors of ovarian cysts?
Some of the factors that may increase your risk for developing an ovarian cyst are:
- Hormonal problems
- Pelvic infection
- Previous ovarian cyst
How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
Doctors identify a cyst by examining the pelvic area. The following tests determine the size, type and location of the cyst.
Ultrasound examination: The test is done to get an accurate picture of the uterus and the ovaries. Thus, it helps in identifying a cyst’s location and whether the cyst is a solid or fluid-filled cavity.
Blood tests: CA 125 is a blood test that measures the level of the substance. If you have a solid cyst, your surgeon will test your blood for any elevated levels of CA 125.
Pregnancy test: A positive test can confirm that you have a corpus luteum cyst.
How are ovarian cysts treated?
The treatment choice depends on the age, type and size of your cyst and other factors. Treatment options include waiting and surgery if the cyst is widespread or causing symptoms. Your doctor will not recommend any treatment initially because some of them shrink after a few weeks.
Contraceptives: Doctors may recommend oral contraceptives to prevent new cysts from forming and reduce the risk of ovarian cancer.
Surgery: Your doctor may suggest removing a cyst if it is non-functional, growing and causing severe pain:
- Laparoscopy: It is performed for smaller cysts.
- Cystectomy: In this procedure, the cysts are removed without removing the ovary.
- Oophorectomy: A new cyst can form after a cystectomy. Oophorectomy can prevent it by removing the ovary.
- Laparotomy: Doctors perform the surgery by making a large incision in the abdomen. If they determine a cancerous cyst, a hysterectomy is performed to remove your uterus and fallopian tubes.
Ovarian cysts are sac-like pockets filled with fluid. They are common in women and usually occur during ovulation. Most women do not know if they have cysts until they have gynecological exams. Small cysts are harmless and shrink after some time. Larger cysts associated with severe pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding must be treated by surgery.
There is no way to prevent cysts. Consult a specialist if you notice any changes in your menstrual cycle or during pregnancy. Regular gynecological exams will allow early detection and you can plan your treatment accordingly.
A ruptured cyst may have no symptoms or it may cause bleeding and severe pain. You may need hospital treatment if you have severe symptoms of a ruptured cyst. Doctors administer intravenous pain medicines and some OTC medicines.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome induces hair growth on the body and face. Moreover, it can also lead to infertility, heart disease and diabetes.