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Urology - Men’s Health

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Urology - Men’s Health

 Urology is a field of science that focuses on the health of the urinary system. The urinary system includes the kidneys, the bladder, the ureters, the urethra and the adrenal glands.

A doctor who specializes in urology is called a urologist. They also treat issues in the male reproductive system, which includes the penis, the prostate and the testicles.

What is urology?

Urology is a subsection of medicine that solely focuses on the diseases that plague the urinary system of both men and women and the reproductive system of men. 

Urinary infections are very common among both men and women of any age. Urologists are sometimes specialized in certain kinds of cases as well, like male infertility, urologic oncology, etc. For further information, you should contact a urology specialist near you.

What are the types of diseases treated by a urologist?

There are many urology diseases, here are some of the most common ones:

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia occurs when the prostate gets enlarged. The prostate gland increases in size. This is very common among older men. The symptoms are usually caused by the enlarged prostate putting pressure on the urethra. The symptoms include urinating more often and a feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination. Usually, a doctor simply monitors the situation. In some extreme cases, you might need surgery.

Urinary Incontinence

This refers to the loss of bladder control in a person. This can cause unwanted secretion or leakage of urine at random times. Some of the causes of urinary incontinence can be diabetes, pregnancy or childbirth, overactive bladder, enlarged prostate, weak bladder muscles, weak sphincter muscles, urinary tract infection, etc. An easy way to control it is by regulating your fluid intake. If that does not work, your doctor may address the underlying issue.

Urinary Tract Infections

These infections are a result of viruses or pathogenic bacteria that might infect the urinary tract. A major symptom is having a burning sensation while urinating. Other symptoms might include the need to urinate more often, and a feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination. A dose of antibiotics usually helps in removing UTIs.

Kidney and Ureteral Stones

Stones develop due to crystals in urine, and these crystals then gather small particles around them and get converted to stones. These stones are present in the kidneys and sometimes pass down to the ureter. These stones may block the urine flow and cause pain. Usually, people pass these stones out of the body by themselves,  but if the stones are large then you might need a surgical procedure.

Other urinary diseases

Some other common urinary diseases include prostate cancer, bladder cancer, bladder prolapse, hematuria (blood in urine) and erectile dysfunction (ED).

What are the basic symptoms of urinary diseases?

Some common symptoms of urinary diseases include:

  • Blood in urine
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Pain in your pelvis or lower back
  • Burning sensation while urination
  • Trouble urinating
  • Leakage
  • Weak urine flow
  • Lump in testicle

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you experience any of the symptoms, you should contact your doctor. You should look for Urology doctors near Mumbai if you are worried. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How are urinary diseases prevented?

Some easy ways to maintain a healthy bodily function for men is by:

  • Staying hydrated, drink lots of water
  • Drinking cranberry juice which helps to prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Limiting the intake of salt and caffeine 
  • Staying within a healthy weight range
  • Quitting smoking
  • Strengthening the muscles of the pelvic area
  • Urinating immediately before bed
  • Limiting fluid intake at night
  • Purchasing athletic “cups”  to prevent injury


Urinary infections are extremely common. Men should maintain overall health to avoid getting these diseases. Men over 40 should regularly get themselves checked by a urologist, to avoid diseases in the future.

Contact urology doctors near you if you want to get a checkup.

What is the first symptom of a urinary infection?

The most common symptoms include having a persistent urge to urinate and the feeling of not having an empty bladder after urination. A burning sensation or pain while urinating can also be a symptom of such a disease.

What is the most common urinary disease?

Kidney stones are the most common urinary disease. UTIs are also very common.

Are urinary diseases treatable?

Urinary diseases are usually easily treatable, but make sure to get them detected early. At the later stages, you might require surgery. At the early stages, medicines are enough.

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