PCOD Treatment & Diagnostics in Tardeo, Mumbai
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) has become a major concern among young women, aged between 12 and 45 years. It’s important to diagnose the disease at an early stage.
What is PCOD?
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is a disease of the endocrine glands. The disease affects the ovaries which secrete the female sex hormones and a few amounts of male sex hormones (androgen). In the case of PCOD, there is an unbalanced secretion of the androgen hormone by the ovaries. This leads to decreased or no ovulation, pimples as well as increased facial hair growth. The ovaries increase in size with the formation of multiple cysts causing irregular menstruation and fertility problems in women.
What are the symptoms of PCOD?
The most common symptoms of PCOD include:
- Sudden weight gain
- Psychosocial problems
- Thinning of hair
- Hirsutism (abnormal hair growth on face and other body parts)
- Polycystic ovaries (unilateral or bilateral)
- Irregular menstruation or no menstruation
- Darkly pigmented skin especially around the neck
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms like persistent acne, hirsutism and irregular periods, consult a gynecology doctor near you. Or you can visit a gynecology hospital in Mumbai.
What are the causes of PCOD?
The exact cause of Polycystic Ovarian Disease is unknown. But the probable causes include:
- Imbalanced secretion of sex hormones - There is an increased secretion of estrogen, progesterone and androgen by the ovaries.
- Insulin resistance
- Increased secretion of testosterone
- Genetic (hereditary)
When do you need to see a doctor?
You need to immediately see your doctor if you have any concerns with irregular menstruation. Irregular menstruation and facial hair growth are among the early signs for you to visit a gynecology hospital near you.
You will be asked to take a few diagnostic tests. Physical examination of the pelvic region to check for abnormalities, blood investigations to check hormonal imbalance and ultrasound imaging for confirmation of ovarian cysts may be advised by gynecology doctors.
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
What are the treatment options?
The treatment focuses mainly on treating the underlying causes along with suggesting changes in lifestyle.
Lifestyle changes necessary for treating or reducing PCOD symptoms are
- A healthy diet with low carbohydrates
- Regular exercise
- Maintaining healthy weight
- Medications for the hormonal imbalance - birth control pills or progesterone pills
- Medications to reduce insulin resistance by the body - metformin
Apart from this, facial hair can be removed by laser treatment.
All in all, the treatment for PCOD has a multidisciplinary approach involving gynecologists, dermatologists, dietitians and endocrinologists. Visit gynecology hospitals in Tardeo and get the best suggestions and treatment options for yourself.
What are the complications?
If left untreated, PCOD can cause severe complications like:
- Endometrial cancer
- Obesity and related diseases
- High cholesterol
- Heart diseases
PCOD can be treated with timely diagnosis and addressing the underlying causes. Taking proper precautions and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in controlling PCOD.
Though both these conditions are associated with ovaries, they are different. PCOD is developed because of hormonal imbalance causing the eggs to develop into cysts whereas PCOS is an exocrine disorder in which there is an interference in the development and release of eggs leading to cyst formation.
If left untreated, it can lead to life-threatening conditions like decreased sensitivity to insulin causing an increased risk of diabetes mellitus and other serious conditions.
Women suffering from PCOD may have difficulty in conceiving. There are higher chances of a complicated pregnancy.