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LymphNode Biopsy

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LymphNode Biopsy Treatment & Diagnostics in Tardeo, Mumbai

LymphNode Biopsy

Lymph nodes usually swell in response to an infection in the body. The swollen lymph nodes palpate under the skin surface. Swollen lymph nodes are usually found during a physical routine examination.

To rule out other problems, your doctor may order a lymph node biopsy. Lymph node biopsy helps in looking for multiple signs of chronic infection or immune disorders for cancer development. 

What is the lymph node biopsy?

Lymph node biopsy is defined as a diagnostic test that checks for diseases in the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are defined as small oval-shaped organs that are present in multiple parts of the body. They are essential for providing immunity in our bodies. Since they are a part of the immune system, they help in recognizing and fighting off several infections. 

To avail of this test, you can consult a general surgery doctor near you or you can visit a general surgery hospital near you.

How should one prepare for the lymph node biopsy appointment? When should you see a doctor?

It is important to talk to your healthcare provider about all the medications that you are taking before the lymph node biopsy is performed. It is important to inform him or her about any medications such as blood thinners. You should also inform your doctor about your pregnancy. 

More specific instructions are provided by your healthcare provider for the preparation of the lymph node biopsy procedure.

You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the risks associated with lymph node biopsy?

Lymph node biopsy is usually defined as a very safe surgical procedure. However, some notable risks include:

  • Tenderness 
  • Infection 
  • Bleeding 
  • Numbness 
  • Accidental nerve damage 
  • Lymphedema 
  • Swelling 

What are the types of lymph node biopsy? How are the performed?

Lymph node biopsy usually takes place in hospital setups. It is an OPD procedure and hence it does not require you to stay overnight at the medical care facility. Your doctor removes the entire lymph node or takes a tissue sample, and once the sample is taken, it is sent for laboratory diagnosis. There are multiple ways to perform a lymph node biopsy. They are: 

  • Needle biopsy - It is a short procedure and requires about a few minutes. Antiseptic solution is applied and then numbing medication is applied to the area. After that, a fine needle is inserted in the lymph node as a sample is removed. The sample of cells is then sent to a laboratory for diagnosis. 
  • Open biopsy - A portion of the lymph node or the entire lymph node is removed. This procedure is usually performed with the help of local anesthesia and numbing medication. Sometimes the procedure is also done under general anesthesia. 
  • In some cases, there is pain and discomfort after an open biopsy. 
  • Sentinel biopsy - It is usually prescribed to a patient when there are chances of a cancer diagnosis. It is done to find out whether the cancer has spread or not. This is an important diagnostic procedure as it helps a healthcare provider in making the treatment recommendations which are based on laboratory results. 


A lymph node biopsy is a diagnostic test that is prescribed to know the exact cause of lymph node enlargement. It is a very accurate diagnostic test and helps a surgeon or a physician to understand a disorder.

What do the biopsy results usually indicate?

A biopsy is usually performed when your healthcare provider suspects an immune system disorder or cancer. Sentinel biopsy is usually performed for confirmed cancer diagnosis.

What kind of cancer cells are detected in a biopsy?

When a lymph node biopsy is performed and cancer is diagnosed, the types can be:

  • Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Oral cancer
  • Leukemia

What are some of the disorders of the immune system that are diagnosed by enlarged lymph nodes biopsy?

There are certain infections of the immune system that cause an enlargement of lymph nodes. They are:

  • HIV
  • Syphilis
  • Chlamydia
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Infected tooth
  • Skin infections
  • Lupus

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