Orthopedics - Other
Orthopedics is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, assessment and treatment of ailments related to your body’s musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system, also called the locomotor system, is a complex system made of specialized bones, cartilages, ligaments, nerves, muscles and tendons. They work together to provide stability and movement.
Who is an orthopedic surgeon?
A medical professional who specializes in the orthopedic field is known as an orthopedic surgeon or orthopedic physician. They perform surgeries and nonsurgical medical therapy to treat a variety of musculoskeletal issues such as skeletal deformities and bone injuries. Orthopedic hospitals in Tardeo, Mumbai offer superior quality care for your musculoskeletal disorders.
What does an orthopedic surgeon treat?
Some of the most common conditions that an orthopedic surgeon may treat include:
- Sports injuries
- Bone tumor
- Arthritis - joint inflammation
- Congenital conditions such as scoliosis (sideways curvature of the spine from birth)
- Osteoporosis - a bone disorder characterized by low bone mass
- Back pain
- Orthopedic trauma
- Bursitis - Inflammation of the bursa (a fluid sac that helps reduce friction of joints)
- Spinal stenosis - narrowing of the spinal canal
- Joint dislocation
- Infection of the spine
- Muscle and ligament tear
To seek treatment, you can visit an orthopedic surgeon in Tardeo, Mumbai.
When should you consult a doctor?
If you experience pain in your muscle, bone or problems with your joint, especially if you experience any of the following signs and symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders, seek immediate medical attention:
- Pain, stiffness of joints
- Difficulty in performing everyday activities
- Decreased range of joint motion
- Instability in maintaining balance when performing basic functions such as standing, running
You can request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Tardeo, Mumbai.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
How are orthopedic diseases diagnosed?
To diagnose orthopedic diseases, your orthopedic doctor may recommend the following tests:
Medical history and physical examination: If it is difficult to determine the underlying causes of orthopedic disease by physical examination, your orthopedist can suggest some imaging procedures and tests like:
- Computed tomography (CT scan)
- Magnetic Imaging Resonance (MRI) scan
- Blood test
What are the treatment options for orthopedic conditions?
Treatment recommendations for orthopedic conditions will depend on the problem and its severity. Some of the common treatment options include:
Non-surgical treatment options:
- Medications: Depending on the type and condition, a number of prescription and OTC medicines are commonly suggested. This medication helps relieve symptoms, pain and inflammation.Some commonly suggested OTC medicines for orthopedic conditions include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen and other muscle relaxants.
- Acupuncture: Acupuncture is ancient alternative medicine. It is widely used to treat soft tissue injuries, muscle spasms and other related conditions such as sprains and strains affecting tendons and ligaments.
- Physiotherapy: Physiotherapy aims to restore lost functions, mobility and strength of the joints in a patient's body.
- Steroid injection: Corticosteroid injections are generally used to ease inflammation. These injections are commonly used to treat orthopedic conditions such as arthritis, bursitis and tendinitis.
- Surgical treatment options: In general, orthopedic surgeries are considered last resort only when many other conservative treatments have failed to work. The type of orthopedic surgery is chosen based on various factors such as the location of physical trauma, severity of the condition and the risk and complication of orthopedic conditions.
Some of the most common orthopedic surgeries that are widely performed by orthopedic surgeons include:
- Knee replacement surgery
- Foot and ankle surgery
- Trauma surgery
- Hip replacement surgery
- Joint fusion surgery
If untreated, most orthopedic conditions can lead to disability and chronic conditions. However, early evaluation and treatment can reduce potential complications. Recent advances in orthopedic surgery procedures provide better quality treatment with less invasive operating procedures.
- Aching and stiffness
- Inflammation of joints
Some of the common risk factors include:
- Nutrition deficiency
- Family history of orthopedic diseases
- Occupational activities involving heavy lifting, hard physical labor
- Smoking and alcohol consumption
- Chronic health illnesses such as diabetes, obesity
Some of the most common complications include: