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Interventional Gastro Procedures

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Interventional Endoscopy - Gastroenterology in Tardeo, Mumbai

Interventional gastro procedures are used to treat complex gastrointestinal diseases. Interventional procedures include endoscopic surgeries where an endoscope is used to diagnose and treat medical conditions.

What Do We Need to Know About Interventional Gastro Procedures?

These procedures are minimally invasive techniques used to treat diseases related to the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Interventional gastro procedures are alternatives to open surgery. According to the severity of the disease and the conditions to be treated, the suitable interventional gastro procedure is selected by the doctor.

What Are the Different Types of Interventional Gastro Procedures?

All the interventional procedures use an endoscope ( a highly flexible, long, thin tube with an attached camera) to examine and treat the underlying gastrointestinal disease.

  • An Upper Endoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  • EUS – Echoendoscope
  • Esophageal/ Duodenal/ Biliary and Colonic Stenting
  • Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube Placement 
  • Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR) and Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (ESD)Cholangioscopy

What Indicates That You Need an Interventional Gastro Procedure?

  • Unusual dark colored stool
  • Problem in breathing
  • Persistent and unbearable abdominal pain
  • Chest pain
  • Blood while vomiting

What Are the Causes of Interventional Gastro Procedures?

  • Barrett’s esophagus
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Gastrointestinal, pancreatic, bile duct, rectal and esophageal cancers
  • Gallstones
  • Hemorrhoids 
  • Severe digestive diseases
  • Bile duct stones
  • Malignant biliary tract obstructions
  • Large colonic and duodenal polyps
  • Assessing submucosal lesions

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What Are the Complications Involved With These Procedures?

Interventional Gastro procedures are relatively safe, but certain complications are depending on the area to be examined.

  • Over-sedation
  • Temporary bloated feeling 
  • Mild cramping
  • Numb throat because of local anesthetic
  • Bacterial or fungal infections
  • Persistent pain in the area of the endoscopy
  • Perforation in the lining of the stomach or esophagus
  • Internal bleeding


Interventional Gastro procedures treat and diagnose a variety of complex gastrointestinal diseases with acceptable immediate outcomes. These procedures are the better alternative to open surgery as they are comparatively less risky and more accessible. This may increase awareness among clinicians and promote more training and advocacy in health policy to improve gastroenterology healthcare standards.

What type of doctor performs Interventional Gastro procedures?

A gastroenterologist will perform such types of surgeries. They will first review your blood test, see imaging reports, family history and then perform a suitable interventional gastro procedure.

What are the benefits of interventional gastro procedures?

Apart from being among the safest procedures. These procedures also reduce the rate of infection and offer quick recovery. It reduces the chances of recurrence and involves minimal body scarring.

How much time does it take to recover after the procedure fully?

It depends upon the type of procedure. For example, for an upper endoscopy, it takes only around one hour. The patient should not work or drive for the rest of the day because of the sedatives given.


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